Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 16"

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==Problem==
 
Each of the points <math>A,B,C,D,E,</math> and <math>F</math> in the figure below represents a different digit from <math>1</math> to <math>6.</math> Each of the five lines shown passes through some of these points. The digits along each line are added to produce five sums, one for each line. The total of the five sums is <math>47.</math> What is the digit represented by <math>B?</math>
 
Each of the points <math>A,B,C,D,E,</math> and <math>F</math> in the figure below represents a different digit from <math>1</math> to <math>6.</math> Each of the five lines shown passes through some of these points. The digits along each line are added to produce five sums, one for each line. The total of the five sums is <math>47.</math> What is the digit represented by <math>B?</math>
 
<asy>
 
<asy>
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<math>\textbf{(A) }1 \qquad \textbf{(B) }2 \qquad \textbf{(C) }3 \qquad \textbf{(D) }4 \qquad \textbf{(E) }5</math>
 
<math>\textbf{(A) }1 \qquad \textbf{(B) }2 \qquad \textbf{(C) }3 \qquad \textbf{(D) }4 \qquad \textbf{(E) }5</math>
  
==Solution 1==
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==Solution==
 
We can form the following expressions for the sum along each line:
 
We can form the following expressions for the sum along each line:
 
<cmath>\begin{dcases}A+B+C\\A+E+F\\C+D+E\\B+D\\B+F\end{dcases}</cmath>
 
<cmath>\begin{dcases}A+B+C\\A+E+F\\C+D+E\\B+D\\B+F\end{dcases}</cmath>
 
Adding these together, we must have <math>2A+3B+2C+2D+2E+2F=47</math>, i.e. <math>2(A+B+C+D+E+F)+B=47</math>. Since <math>A,B,C,D,E,F</math> are unique integers between <math>1</math> and <math>6</math>, we obtain <math>A+B+C+D+E+F=1+2+3+4+5+6=21</math> (where the order doesn't matter as addition is commutative), so our equation simplifies to <math>42 + B = 47</math>. This means <math>B = \boxed{\textbf{(E) }5}</math>.
 
Adding these together, we must have <math>2A+3B+2C+2D+2E+2F=47</math>, i.e. <math>2(A+B+C+D+E+F)+B=47</math>. Since <math>A,B,C,D,E,F</math> are unique integers between <math>1</math> and <math>6</math>, we obtain <math>A+B+C+D+E+F=1+2+3+4+5+6=21</math> (where the order doesn't matter as addition is commutative), so our equation simplifies to <math>42 + B = 47</math>. This means <math>B = \boxed{\textbf{(E) }5}</math>.
 
==Solution 2 (similar to Solution 1)==
 
We can see that <math>A+B+C+C+D+E+E+F+A+B+D+B+F=47</math>. Combining like terms, we get <math>2A+3B+2C+2D+2E+2F=47</math>. Since <math>A, B, C, D, E,</math> and <math>F</math> are all distinct integers ranging from 1 to 6, they must sum up to <math>21</math>, so <math>B=47-2(21)=\boxed{\textbf{(E) }5}</math>.
 
  
 
==Video Solution==
 
==Video Solution==

Revision as of 06:39, 26 November 2020

Problem

Each of the points $A,B,C,D,E,$ and $F$ in the figure below represents a different digit from $1$ to $6.$ Each of the five lines shown passes through some of these points. The digits along each line are added to produce five sums, one for each line. The total of the five sums is $47.$ What is the digit represented by $B?$ [asy] size(200); dotfactor = 10;  pair p1 = (-28,0); pair p2 = (-111,213); draw(p1--p2,linewidth(1));  pair p3 = (-160,0); pair p4 = (-244,213); draw(p3--p4,linewidth(1));  pair p5 = (-316,0); pair p6 = (-67,213); draw(p5--p6,linewidth(1));  pair p7 = (0, 68); pair p8 = (-350,10); draw(p7--p8,linewidth(1));  pair p9 = (0, 150); pair p10 = (-350, 62); draw(p9--p10,linewidth(1));  pair A = intersectionpoint(p1--p2, p5--p6); dot("$A$", A, 2*W);  pair B = intersectionpoint(p5--p6, p3--p4); dot("$B$", B, 2*WNW);  pair C = intersectionpoint(p7--p8, p5--p6); dot("$C$", C, 1.5*NW);  pair D = intersectionpoint(p3--p4, p7--p8); dot("$D$", D, 2*NNE);  pair EE = intersectionpoint(p1--p2, p7--p8); dot("$E$", EE, 2*NNE);  pair F = intersectionpoint(p1--p2, p9--p10); dot("$F$", F, 2*NNE); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) }1 \qquad \textbf{(B) }2 \qquad \textbf{(C) }3 \qquad \textbf{(D) }4 \qquad \textbf{(E) }5$

Solution

We can form the following expressions for the sum along each line: \[\begin{dcases}A+B+C\\A+E+F\\C+D+E\\B+D\\B+F\end{dcases}\] Adding these together, we must have $2A+3B+2C+2D+2E+2F=47$, i.e. $2(A+B+C+D+E+F)+B=47$. Since $A,B,C,D,E,F$ are unique integers between $1$ and $6$, we obtain $A+B+C+D+E+F=1+2+3+4+5+6=21$ (where the order doesn't matter as addition is commutative), so our equation simplifies to $42 + B = 47$. This means $B = \boxed{\textbf{(E) }5}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/1ldTmo4J7Es

See also

2020 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 15
Followed by
Problem 17
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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