Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 17"

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==Solution 2==
 
==Solution 2==
 
As in Solution 1, we prime factorize <math>2020</math> as <math>2^2\cdot 5\cdot 101</math>, and we recall the standard formula that the number of positive factors of an integer is found by adding <math>1</math> to each exponent in its prime factorization, and then multiplying these. Thus <math>2020</math> has <math>(2+1)(1+1)(1+1) = 12</math> factors. The only number which has one factor is <math>1</math>. For a number to have exactly two factors, it must be prime, and the only prime factors of <math>2020</math> are <math>2</math>, <math>5</math>, and <math>101</math>. For a number to have three factors, it must be a square of a prime (this follows from the standard formula mentioned above), and from the prime factorization, the only square of a prime that is a factor of <math>2020</math> is <math>4</math>. Thus, there are <math>5</math> factors of <math>2020</math> which themselves have <math>1</math>, <math>2</math>, or <math>3</math> factors (namely <math>1</math>, <math>2</math>, <math>4</math>, <math>5</math>, and <math>101</math>), so the number of factors of <math>2020</math> that have more than <math>3</math> factors is <math>12-5=\boxed{\textbf{(B) }7}</math>.
 
As in Solution 1, we prime factorize <math>2020</math> as <math>2^2\cdot 5\cdot 101</math>, and we recall the standard formula that the number of positive factors of an integer is found by adding <math>1</math> to each exponent in its prime factorization, and then multiplying these. Thus <math>2020</math> has <math>(2+1)(1+1)(1+1) = 12</math> factors. The only number which has one factor is <math>1</math>. For a number to have exactly two factors, it must be prime, and the only prime factors of <math>2020</math> are <math>2</math>, <math>5</math>, and <math>101</math>. For a number to have three factors, it must be a square of a prime (this follows from the standard formula mentioned above), and from the prime factorization, the only square of a prime that is a factor of <math>2020</math> is <math>4</math>. Thus, there are <math>5</math> factors of <math>2020</math> which themselves have <math>1</math>, <math>2</math>, or <math>3</math> factors (namely <math>1</math>, <math>2</math>, <math>4</math>, <math>5</math>, and <math>101</math>), so the number of factors of <math>2020</math> that have more than <math>3</math> factors is <math>12-5=\boxed{\textbf{(B) }7}</math>.
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==Video Solution==
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https://youtu.be/2dazhQ31I14
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~savannahsolver
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Revision as of 17:40, 20 November 2020

Problem

How many positive integer factors of $2020$ have more than $3$ factors? (As an example, $12$ has $6$ factors, namely $1,2,3,4,6,$ and $12.$)

$\textbf{(A) }6 \qquad \textbf{(B) }7 \qquad \textbf{(C) }8 \qquad \textbf{(D) }9 \qquad \textbf{(E) }10$

Solution 1

Since $2020 = 2^2 \cdot 5 \cdot 101$, we can simply list its factors: \[1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20, 101, 202, 404, 505, 1010, 2020.\] There are $12$ of these; only $1, 2, 4, 5, 101$ (i.e. $5$ of them) have at most $3$ factors, so the remaining $12-5 = \boxed{\textbf{(B) }7}$ factors have more than $3$ factors.

Solution 2

As in Solution 1, we prime factorize $2020$ as $2^2\cdot 5\cdot 101$, and we recall the standard formula that the number of positive factors of an integer is found by adding $1$ to each exponent in its prime factorization, and then multiplying these. Thus $2020$ has $(2+1)(1+1)(1+1) = 12$ factors. The only number which has one factor is $1$. For a number to have exactly two factors, it must be prime, and the only prime factors of $2020$ are $2$, $5$, and $101$. For a number to have three factors, it must be a square of a prime (this follows from the standard formula mentioned above), and from the prime factorization, the only square of a prime that is a factor of $2020$ is $4$. Thus, there are $5$ factors of $2020$ which themselves have $1$, $2$, or $3$ factors (namely $1$, $2$, $4$, $5$, and $101$), so the number of factors of $2020$ that have more than $3$ factors is $12-5=\boxed{\textbf{(B) }7}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/2dazhQ31I14

~savannahsolver

See also

2020 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 16
Followed by
Problem 18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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