2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 17

Revision as of 23:34, 20 November 2020 by Sevenoptimus (talk | contribs) (Removed unnecessary and irrelevant attribution)

Problem

How many positive integer factors of $2020$ have more than $3$ factors? (As an example, $12$ has $6$ factors, namely $1,2,3,4,6,$ and $12.$)

$\textbf{(A) }6 \qquad \textbf{(B) }7 \qquad \textbf{(C) }8 \qquad \textbf{(D) }9 \qquad \textbf{(E) }10$

Solution 1

Since $2020 = 2^2 \cdot 5 \cdot 101$, we can simply list its factors: \[1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20, 101, 202, 404, 505, 1010, 2020.\] There are $12$ of these; only $1, 2, 4, 5, 101$ (i.e. $5$ of them) have at most $3$ factors, so the remaining $12-5 = \boxed{\textbf{(B) }7}$ factors have more than $3$ factors.

Solution 2

As in Solution 1, we prime factorize $2020$ as $2^2\cdot 5\cdot 101$, and we recall the standard formula that the number of positive factors of an integer is found by adding $1$ to each exponent in its prime factorization, and then multiplying these. Thus $2020$ has $(2+1)(1+1)(1+1) = 12$ factors. The only number which has one factor is $1$. For a number to have exactly two factors, it must be prime, and the only prime factors of $2020$ are $2$, $5$, and $101$. For a number to have three factors, it must be a square of a prime (this follows from the standard formula mentioned above), and from the prime factorization, the only square of a prime that is a factor of $2020$ is $4$. Thus, there are $5$ factors of $2020$ which themselves have $1$, $2$, or $3$ factors (namely $1$, $2$, $4$, $5$, and $101$), so the number of factors of $2020$ that have more than $3$ factors is $12-5=\boxed{\textbf{(B) }7}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/2dazhQ31I14

See also

2020 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 16
Followed by
Problem 18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS