Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 18"
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− | ==Problem== | + | ==Problem 18== |
Rectangle <math>ABCD</math> is inscribed in a semicircle with diameter <math>\overline{FE},</math> as shown in the figure. Let <math>DA=16,</math> and let <math>FD=AE=9.</math> What is the area of <math>ABCD?</math> | Rectangle <math>ABCD</math> is inscribed in a semicircle with diameter <math>\overline{FE},</math> as shown in the figure. Let <math>DA=16,</math> and let <math>FD=AE=9.</math> What is the area of <math>ABCD?</math> | ||
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<asy> draw(arc((0,0),17,180,0)); draw((-17,0)--(17,0)); fill((-8,0)--(-8,15)--(8,15)--(8,0)--cycle, 1.5*grey); draw((-8,0)--(-8,15)--(8,15)--(8,0)--cycle); dot("$A$",(8,0), 1.25*S); dot("$B$",(8,15), 1.25*N); dot("$C$",(-8,15), 1.25*N); dot("$D$",(-8,0), 1.25*S); dot("$E$",(17,0), 1.25*S); dot("$F$",(-17,0), 1.25*S); label("$16$",(0,0),N); label("$9$",(12.5,0),N); label("$9$",(-12.5,0),N); dot("$O$", (0,0), 1.25*S); draw((0,0)--(-8,15));</asy> | <asy> draw(arc((0,0),17,180,0)); draw((-17,0)--(17,0)); fill((-8,0)--(-8,15)--(8,15)--(8,0)--cycle, 1.5*grey); draw((-8,0)--(-8,15)--(8,15)--(8,0)--cycle); dot("$A$",(8,0), 1.25*S); dot("$B$",(8,15), 1.25*N); dot("$C$",(-8,15), 1.25*N); dot("$D$",(-8,0), 1.25*S); dot("$E$",(17,0), 1.25*S); dot("$F$",(-17,0), 1.25*S); label("$16$",(0,0),N); label("$9$",(12.5,0),N); label("$9$",(-12.5,0),N); dot("$O$", (0,0), 1.25*S); draw((0,0)--(-8,15));</asy> | ||
− | Let <math>O</math> be the center of the semicircle. The diameter of the semicircle is <math>9+16+9=34</math>, so <math>OC = 17</math>. By symmetry, <math>O</math> is in fact the midpoint of <math>DA</math>, so <math>OD=OA=\frac{16}{2}= </math>. By the Pythagorean theorem in right-angled triangle <math>ODC</math> (or <math>OBA</math>), we have that <math>CD</math> (or <math>AB</math>) is <math>\sqrt{17^2-8^2}=15</math>. Accordingly, the area of <math>ABCD</math> is <math>16\cdot 15=\boxed{\textbf{(A) }240}</math>. | + | Let <math>O</math> be the center of the semicircle. The diameter of the semicircle is <math>9+16+9=34</math>, so <math>OC = 17</math>. By symmetry, <math>O</math> is in fact the midpoint of <math>DA</math>, so <math>OD=OA=\frac{16}{2}= 8</math>. By the Pythagorean theorem in right-angled triangle <math>ODC</math> (or <math>OBA</math>), we have that <math>CD</math> (or <math>AB</math>) is <math>\sqrt{17^2-8^2}=15</math>. Accordingly, the area of <math>ABCD</math> is <math>16\cdot 15=\boxed{\textbf{(A) }240}</math>. |
==Solution 2 (coordinate geometry)== | ==Solution 2 (coordinate geometry)== | ||
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(Note that the synthetic solution (Solution 1) is definitely faster and more elegant. However, this is the solution that you should use if you can't see any other easier strategy.) | (Note that the synthetic solution (Solution 1) is definitely faster and more elegant. However, this is the solution that you should use if you can't see any other easier strategy.) | ||
− | ==Solution 3 | + | ==Solution 3== |
− | We can use a result from the Art of Problem Solving <i>Introduction to Algebra</i> book: for a semicircle with diameter <math>(1+n)</math>, such that the <math>1</math> part is on one side and the <math>n</math> part is on the other side, the height from the end of the <math>1</math> side (or the start of the <math>n</math> side) is <math>\sqrt{n}</math>. To use this, we scale the figure down by <math>9</math>; | + | We can use a result from the Art of Problem Solving <i>Introduction to Algebra</i> book Sidenote: for a semicircle with diameter <math>(1+n)</math>, such that the <math>1</math> part is on one side and the <math>n</math> part is on the other side, the height from the end of the <math>1</math> side (or the start of the <math>n</math> side) is <math>\sqrt{n}</math>. To use this formula, we scale the figure down by <math>9</math>; this will give the height a length of <math>\sqrt{\frac{16+9}{9}} = \sqrt{\frac{25}{9}} = \frac{5}{3}</math>. Now, scaling back up by <math>9</math>, the height <math>DC</math> is <math>9 \cdot \frac{5}{3} = 15</math>. The answer is then <math>15 \cdot 16 = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }240}</math>. |
− | -[[User:Sweetmango77|SweetMango77]]; | + | -[[User:Sweetmango77|SweetMango77]] |
+ | |||
+ | ==Solution 4 (Power Of A Point)== | ||
+ | Draw the other half of the circle as follows: | ||
+ | <asy> | ||
+ | draw(arc((0,0),17,360,0)); draw((-17,0)--(17,0)); fill((-8,0)--(-8,15)--(8,15)--(8,0)--cycle, 1.5*grey); draw((-8,0)--(-8,15)--(8,15)--(8,0)--cycle); dot("$A$",(8,0), 1.25*SE); dot("$B$",(8,15), 1.25*N); dot("$C$",(-8,15), 1.25*N); dot("$D$",(-8,0), 1.25*SW); dot("$E$",(17,0), 1.25*E); dot("$F$",(-17,0), 1.25*W); label("$16$",(0,0),N); label("$9$",(12.5,0),N); label("$9$",(-12.5,0),N); draw((-8,-15)--(-8,0)--(8,0)--(8,-15)--cycle); dot("$B'$",(8,-15), 1.25*S); dot("$C'$",(-8,-15), 1.25*S); | ||
+ | </asy> | ||
+ | By Power of a Point, <math>FD\cdot DE = CD\cdot C'D</math>. By symmetry, <math>CD = C'D</math>. We see that <math>FD = 9</math> and <math>DE = 25</math>. Substituting in these values, <math>9\cdot 25 = CD^2</math>, giving <math>CD^2 = 225</math> and <math>CD = 15</math>. | ||
+ | The area of the rectangle is therefore <math>15\cdot 16 = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }240}</math>. | ||
+ | |||
+ | ==Video Solution by WhyMath== | ||
+ | https://youtu.be/l9wZS3qGSCg | ||
+ | |||
+ | ~savannahsolver | ||
==Video Solution== | ==Video Solution== | ||
− | https://youtu.be/ | + | https://youtu.be/VnOecUiP-SA |
{{AMC8 box|year=2020|num-b=17|num-a=19}} | {{AMC8 box|year=2020|num-b=17|num-a=19}} | ||
[[Category:Introductory Geometry Problems]] | [[Category:Introductory Geometry Problems]] | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Latest revision as of 17:21, 26 February 2021
Contents
Problem 18
Rectangle is inscribed in a semicircle with diameter as shown in the figure. Let and let What is the area of
Solution 1
Let be the center of the semicircle. The diameter of the semicircle is , so . By symmetry, is in fact the midpoint of , so . By the Pythagorean theorem in right-angled triangle (or ), we have that (or ) is . Accordingly, the area of is .
Solution 2 (coordinate geometry)
Let the midpoint of segment be the origin. Evidently, point and . Since points and share -coordinates with and respectively, it suffices to find the -coordinate of (which will be the height of the rectangle) and multiply this by (which we know is ). The radius of the semicircle is , so the whole circle has equation ; as already stated, has the same -coordinate as , i.e. , so substituting this into the equation shows that . Since at , the y-coordinate of is . Therefore, the answer is .
(Note that the synthetic solution (Solution 1) is definitely faster and more elegant. However, this is the solution that you should use if you can't see any other easier strategy.)
Solution 3
We can use a result from the Art of Problem Solving Introduction to Algebra book Sidenote: for a semicircle with diameter , such that the part is on one side and the part is on the other side, the height from the end of the side (or the start of the side) is . To use this formula, we scale the figure down by ; this will give the height a length of . Now, scaling back up by , the height is . The answer is then . -SweetMango77
Solution 4 (Power Of A Point)
Draw the other half of the circle as follows: By Power of a Point, . By symmetry, . We see that and . Substituting in these values, , giving and . The area of the rectangle is therefore .
Video Solution by WhyMath
~savannahsolver
Video Solution
2020 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 17 |
Followed by Problem 19 | |
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