# Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 24"

## Problem

A large square region is paved with $n^2$ gray square tiles, each measuring $s$ inches on a side. A border $d$ inches wide surrounds each tile. The figure below shows the case for $n=3$. When $n=24$, the $576$ gray tiles cover $64\%$ of the area of the large square region. What is the ratio $\frac{d}{s}$ for this larger value of $n?$ $[asy] draw((0,0)--(13,0)--(13,13)--(0,13)--cycle); filldraw((1,1)--(4,1)--(4,4)--(1,4)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((1,5)--(4,5)--(4,8)--(1,8)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((1,9)--(4,9)--(4,12)--(1,12)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((5,1)--(8,1)--(8,4)--(5,4)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((5,5)--(8,5)--(8,8)--(5,8)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((5,9)--(8,9)--(8,12)--(5,12)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((9,1)--(12,1)--(12,4)--(9,4)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((9,5)--(12,5)--(12,8)--(9,8)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((9,9)--(12,9)--(12,12)--(9,12)--cycle, mediumgray); [/asy]$ $\textbf{(A) }\frac{6}{25} \qquad \textbf{(B) }\frac{1}{4} \qquad \textbf{(C) }\frac{9}{25} \qquad \textbf{(D) }\frac{7}{16} \qquad \textbf{(E) }\frac{9}{16}$

## Solution 1

The area of the shaded region is $(24s)^2$. To find the area of the large square, we note that there is a $d$-inch border between each of the $23$ pairs of consecutive squares, as well as from between first/last squares and the large square, for a total of $23+2 = 25$ times the length of the border, i.e. $25d$. Adding this to the total length of the consecutive squares, which is $24s$, the side length of the large square is $(24s+25d)$, yielding the equation $\frac{(24s)^2}{(24s+25d)^2}=\frac{64}{100}$. Taking the square root of both sides (and using the fact that lengths are non-negative) gives $\frac{24s}{24s+25d}=\frac{8}{10} = \frac{4}{5}$, and cross-multiplying now gives $120s = 96s + 100d \Rightarrow 24s = 100d \Rightarrow \frac{d}{s} = \frac{24}{100} = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }\frac{6}{25}}$.

## Solution 2

Without loss of generality, we may let $s=1$ (since $d$ will be determined by the scale of $s$, and we are only interested in the ratio $\frac{d}{s}$). Then, as the total area of the $576$ gray tiles is simply $576$, the large square has area $\frac{576}{0.64} = 900$, making the side of the large square $\sqrt{900}=30$. As in Solution 1, the the side length of the large square consists of the total length of the gray tiles and $25$ lots of the border, so the length of the border is $d = \frac{30-24}{25} = \frac{6}{25}$. Since $\frac{d}{s}=d$ if $s=1$, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(A) }\frac{6}{25}}$.

## Solution 3 (using answer choices)

As in Solution 2, we let $s = 1$ without loss of generality. For sufficiently large $n$, we can approximate the percentage of the area covered by the gray tiles by subdividing most of the region into congruent squares, as shown: $[asy] draw((0,0)--(13,0)--(13,13)--(0,13)--cycle); filldraw((1,1)--(4,1)--(4,4)--(1,4)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((1,5)--(4,5)--(4,8)--(1,8)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((1,9)--(4,9)--(4,12)--(1,12)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((5,1)--(8,1)--(8,4)--(5,4)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((5,5)--(8,5)--(8,8)--(5,8)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((5,9)--(8,9)--(8,12)--(5,12)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((9,1)--(12,1)--(12,4)--(9,4)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((9,5)--(12,5)--(12,8)--(9,8)--cycle, mediumgray); filldraw((9,9)--(12,9)--(12,12)--(9,12)--cycle, mediumgray); for(int i = 1; i <= 13; i += 4){ draw((1,i)--(13,i), red); draw((i,1)--(i,13), red); } [/asy]$ Each red square has side length $(1+d)$, so by solving $\frac{1^2}{(1+d)^2} = \frac{64}{100} \iff \frac{1}{1+d} = \frac{4}{5}$, we obtain $d = \frac{1}{4}$. The actual fraction of the total area covered by the gray tiles will be slightly less than $\frac{1}{(1+d)^2}$, which implies $\frac{1}{(1+d)^2} > \frac{64}{100} \iff \frac{1}{1+d} > \frac{4}{5} \iff d < \frac{1}{4}$. Hence $d$ (and thus $\frac{d}{s}$, since we are assuming $s=1$) is less than $\frac{1}{4}$, and the only choice that satisfies this is $\boxed{\textbf{(A) }\frac{6}{25}}$.

~savannahsolver

## Video Solution by Interstigation

~Interstigation

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