2021 AIME II Problems/Problem 2
Equilateral triangle has side length . Point lies on the same side of line as such that . The line through parallel to line intersects sides and at points and , respectively. Point lies on such that is between and , is isosceles, and the ratio of the area of to the area of is . Find .
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We express the ares of and in terms of in order to solve for
We let Because is isoceles and is equilateral,
Let the height of be and the height of be Then we have that and
Now we can find and in terms of Because we are given that This allows us to use the sin formula for triangle area: the area of is Similarly, because the area of
Now we can make an equation:
To make further calculations easier, we scale everything down by (while keeping the same variable names, so keep that in mind).
Thus Because we scaled down everything by the actual value of is
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