Difference between revisions of "2021 AIME I Problems/Problem 11"

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==Solution==
 
==Solution==
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[[File:Leonard_my_dude's_image.png]]
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Let <math>O</math> be the intersection of <math>AC</math> and <math>BD</math>. Let <math>\theta = \angle AOB</math>.
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Firstly, since <math>\angle AA_1D = \angle AD_1D = 90^\circ</math>, we deduce that <math>AA_1D_1D</math> is cyclic. This implies that <math>\triangle A_1OD_1 \sim \triangle AOD</math>, with a ratio of <math>\frac{A_1O}{AO} = \cos \angle A_1OA = \cos \theta</math>. This means that <math>\frac{A_1D_1}{AD} = \cos \theta</math>. Similarly, <math>\frac{A_1B_1}{AB} = \frac{B_1C_1}{BC} = \frac{C_1D_1}{CD} = \cos \theta</math>. Hence <cmath>A_1B_1 + B_1C_1 + C_1D_1 + D_1A_1 = (AB + BC + CD + DA)\cos \theta</cmath> It therefore only remains to find <math>\cos \theta</math>.
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From Ptolemy's theorem, we have that <math>(BC)(AC) = 4\times6+5\times7 = 59</math>. From Brahmagupta's Formula, <math>[ABCD] = \sqrt{(11-4)(11-5)(11-6)(11-7)} = 2\sqrt{210}</math>. But the area is also <math>\frac{1}{2}(BC)(AC)\sin\theta = \frac{59}{2}\sin\theta</math>, so <math>\sin \theta = \frac{4\sqrt{210}}{59} \implies \cos \theta = \frac{11}{59}</math>. Then the desired fraction is <math>(4+5+6+7)\cos\theta = \frac{242}{59}</math> for an answer of <math>\boxed{301}</math>.
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
{{AIME box|year=2021|n=I|num-b=10|num-a=12}}
 
{{AIME box|year=2021|n=I|num-b=10|num-a=12}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 23:03, 11 March 2021

Problem

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral with $AB=4,BC=5,CD=6,$ and $DA=7$. Let $A_1$ and $C_1$ be the feet of the perpendiculars from $A$ and $C$, respectively, to line $BD,$ and let $B_1$ and $D_1$ be the feet of the perpendiculars from $B$ and $D,$ respectively, to line $AC$. The perimeter of $A_1B_1C_1D_1$ is $\frac mn$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n$.

Solution

Leonard my dude's image.png

Let $O$ be the intersection of $AC$ and $BD$. Let $\theta = \angle AOB$.

Firstly, since $\angle AA_1D = \angle AD_1D = 90^\circ$, we deduce that $AA_1D_1D$ is cyclic. This implies that $\triangle A_1OD_1 \sim \triangle AOD$, with a ratio of $\frac{A_1O}{AO} = \cos \angle A_1OA = \cos \theta$. This means that $\frac{A_1D_1}{AD} = \cos \theta$. Similarly, $\frac{A_1B_1}{AB} = \frac{B_1C_1}{BC} = \frac{C_1D_1}{CD} = \cos \theta$. Hence \[A_1B_1 + B_1C_1 + C_1D_1 + D_1A_1 = (AB + BC + CD + DA)\cos \theta\] It therefore only remains to find $\cos \theta$.

From Ptolemy's theorem, we have that $(BC)(AC) = 4\times6+5\times7 = 59$. From Brahmagupta's Formula, $[ABCD] = \sqrt{(11-4)(11-5)(11-6)(11-7)} = 2\sqrt{210}$. But the area is also $\frac{1}{2}(BC)(AC)\sin\theta = \frac{59}{2}\sin\theta$, so $\sin \theta = \frac{4\sqrt{210}}{59} \implies \cos \theta = \frac{11}{59}$. Then the desired fraction is $(4+5+6+7)\cos\theta = \frac{242}{59}$ for an answer of $\boxed{301}$.

See also

2021 AIME I (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 10
Followed by
Problem 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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