Difference between revisions of "2021 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 15"
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− | We begin by multiplying <math>x+\frac{1}{x} = \sqrt{5}</math> by <math>x</math>, resulting in <math>x^2+1 = \sqrt{5}x</math>. Now we see this equation: <math>x^{11}-7x^{7}+x^3</math>. The terms all have <math>x^3</math> in common, so we can factor that out, and what we're looking for becomes <math>x^3(x^8-7x^4+1)</math>. Looking back to our original equation, we have <math>x^2+1 = \sqrt{5}x</math>, which is equal to <math>x^2 = \sqrt{5}x-1</math>. Using this, we can evaluate <math>x^4</math> to be <math>5x^2-2\sqrt{5}x+1</math>, and we see that there is another <math>x^2</math>, so we put substitute it in again, resulting in <math>3\sqrt{5}x-4</math>. Using the same way, we find that <math>x^8</math> is <math>11\sqrt{5}x-29</math>. We put this into <math>x^3(x^8-7x^4+1)</math>, resulting in <math>x^3(0)</math>, so the answer is <math>\boxed{(B) 0}</math>. | + | We begin by multiplying <math>x+\frac{1}{x} = \sqrt{5}</math> by <math>x</math>, resulting in <math>x^2+1 = \sqrt{5}x</math>. Now we see this equation: <math>x^{11}-7x^{7}+x^3</math>. The terms all have <math>x^3</math> in common, so we can factor that out, and what we're looking for becomes <math>x^3(x^8-7x^4+1)</math>. Looking back to our original equation, we have <math>x^2+1 = \sqrt{5}x</math>, which is equal to <math>x^2 = \sqrt{5}x-1</math>. Using this, we can evaluate <math>x^4</math> to be <math>5x^2-2\sqrt{5}x+1</math>, and we see that there is another <math>x^2</math>, so we put substitute it in again, resulting in <math>3\sqrt{5}x-4</math>. Using the same way, we find that <math>x^8</math> is <math>11\sqrt{5}x-29</math>. We put this into <math>x^3(x^8-7x^4+1)</math>, resulting in <math>x^3(0)</math>, so the answer is <math>\boxed{(B)~0}</math>. |
~purplepenguin2 | ~purplepenguin2 |
Revision as of 14:24, 1 March 2021
Contents
Problem
The real number satisfies the equation . What is the value of
Solution 1
We square to get . We subtract 2 on both sides for and square again, and see that so . We can divide our original expression of by to get that it is equal to . Therefore because is 7, it is equal to .
Solution 2
Multiplying both sides by and using the quadratic formula, we get . We can assume that it is , and notice that this is also a solution the equation , i.e. we have . Repeatedly using this on the given (you can also just note Fibonacci numbers),
~Lcz
Solution 3
We can immediately note that the exponents of are an arithmetic sequence, so they are symmetric around the middle term. So, . We can see that since , and therefore . Continuing from here, we get , so . We don't even need to find what is! This is since is evidently , which is our answer.
~sosiaops
Solution 4
We begin by multiplying by , resulting in . Now we see this equation: . The terms all have in common, so we can factor that out, and what we're looking for becomes . Looking back to our original equation, we have , which is equal to . Using this, we can evaluate to be , and we see that there is another , so we put substitute it in again, resulting in . Using the same way, we find that is . We put this into , resulting in , so the answer is .
~purplepenguin2
Video Solution by OmegaLearn (Algebraic Manipulations and Symmetric Polynomials)
~ pi_is_3.14
Video Solution by Interstigation (Simple Silly Bashing)
~ Interstigation
Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath
Not the most efficient method, but gets the job done.
https://youtu.be/L1iW94Ue3eI?t=1468
~IceMatrix
2021 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 14 |
Followed by Problem 16 | |
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |