Difference between revisions of "2021 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 21"

(Solution 1)
(Solution 1)
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==Solution 1==
 
==Solution 1==
  
We can set the point on <math>CD</math> where the fold occurs as point <math>F</math>. Then, we can set <math>FD</math> as <math>x</math>, and <math>CF</math> as <math>1-x</math> because of symmetry due to the fold. It can be recognized that this is a right triangle, and solving for <math>x</math>, we get, <math>x^2 + (\frac{1}{3})^2 = (1-x)^2</math> -> <math>x^2 + \frac{1}{9} = x^2 - 2x + 1</math> = <math>x=4/9</math>. We know this is a 3-4-5 triangle because the side lengths are <math>\frac{3}{9}, \frac{4}{9}, \frac{5}{9}</math>. We also know that <math>EAC'</math> is similar to <math>C'DF</math> because angle <math>C'</math> is a right angle. Now, we can use similarity to find out that the perimeter is just the perimeter of <math>C'DF * \frac{AC'}{DF}</math>. Thats just <math>\frac{4}{3} * \frac{\frac{2}{3}}{\frac{4}{9}} = \frac{4}{3} * \frac{3}{2} = 2</math>. Therefore, the final answer is <math>\boxed{A}</math>
+
We can set the point on <math>CD</math> where the fold occurs as point <math>F</math>. Then, we can set <math>FD</math> as <math>x</math>, and <math>CF</math> as <math>1-x</math> because of symmetry due to the fold. It can be recognized that this is a right triangle, and solving for <math>x</math>, we get, <math>x^2 + (\frac{1}{3})^2 = (1-x)^2 \rightarrow x^2 + \frac{1}{9} = x^2 - 2x + 1 \rightarrow x=4/9</math>. We know this is a 3-4-5 triangle because the side lengths are <math>\frac{3}{9}, \frac{4}{9}, \frac{5}{9}</math>. We also know that <math>EAC'</math> is similar to <math>C'DF</math> because angle <math>C'</math> is a right angle. Now, we can use similarity to find out that the perimeter is just the perimeter of <math>C'DF * \frac{AC'}{DF}</math>. Thats just <math>\frac{4}{3} * \frac{\frac{2}{3}}{\frac{4}{9}} = \frac{4}{3} * \frac{3}{2} = 2</math>. Therefore, the final answer is <math>\boxed{A}</math>
  
 
==Solution (Outlined)==
 
==Solution (Outlined)==

Revision as of 00:29, 12 February 2021

Problem

A square piece of paper has side length $1$ and vertices $A,B,C,$ and $D$ in that order. As shown in the figure, the paper is folded so that vertex $C$ meets edge $\overline{AD}$ at point $C'$, and edge $\overline{AB}$ at point $E$. Suppose that $C'D = \frac{1}{3}$. What is the perimeter of triangle $\bigtriangleup AEC' ?$

$\textbf{(A)} ~2 \qquad\textbf{(B)} ~1+\frac{2}{3}\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(C)} ~\sqrt{13}{6} \qquad\textbf{(D)} ~1 + \frac{3}{4}\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(E)} ~\frac{7}{3}$ [asy] /* Made by samrocksnature */ pair A=(0,1); pair CC=(0.666666666666,1); pair D=(1,1); pair F=(1,0.62); pair C=(1,0); pair B=(0,0); pair G=(0,0.25); pair H=(-0.13,0.41); pair E=(0,0.5); dot(A^^CC^^D^^C^^B^^E); draw(E--A--D--F); draw(G--B--C--F, dashed); fill(E--CC--F--G--H--E--CC--cycle, gray); draw(E--CC--F--G--H--E--CC); label("A",A,NW); label("B",B,SW); label("C",C,SE); label("D",D,NE); label("E",E,NW); label("C'",CC,N); [/asy]

Solution 1

We can set the point on $CD$ where the fold occurs as point $F$. Then, we can set $FD$ as $x$, and $CF$ as $1-x$ because of symmetry due to the fold. It can be recognized that this is a right triangle, and solving for $x$, we get, $x^2 + (\frac{1}{3})^2 = (1-x)^2 \rightarrow x^2 + \frac{1}{9} = x^2 - 2x + 1 \rightarrow x=4/9$. We know this is a 3-4-5 triangle because the side lengths are $\frac{3}{9}, \frac{4}{9}, \frac{5}{9}$. We also know that $EAC'$ is similar to $C'DF$ because angle $C'$ is a right angle. Now, we can use similarity to find out that the perimeter is just the perimeter of $C'DF * \frac{AC'}{DF}$. Thats just $\frac{4}{3} * \frac{\frac{2}{3}}{\frac{4}{9}} = \frac{4}{3} * \frac{3}{2} = 2$. Therefore, the final answer is $\boxed{A}$

Solution (Outlined)

double angle tangent to find angle ACE then trig

Solution (Quicksolve)

Assume that E is the midpoint of $\overline{AB}$. Then, $\overline{AE}=\frac{1}{2}$ and since $C'D=\frac{1}{3}$, $\overline{AC'}=\frac{2}{3}$. By the Pythagorean Theorem, $\overline{EC'}=\frac{5}{6}$. It easily follows that our desired perimeter is $2 \rightarrow \boxed{A}$ ~samrocksnature

Video Solution by OmegaLearn (Using Pythagoras Theorem and Similar Triangles)

https://youtu.be/cagzLmdbqYQ

~ pi_is_3.14

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