2021 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 7

Revision as of 01:07, 23 February 2021 by Cellsecret (talk | contribs) (Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath)

Problem

In a plane, four circles with radii $1,3,5,$ and $7$ are tangent to line $l$ at the same point $A,$ but they may be on either side of $l$. Region $S$ consists of all the points that lie inside exactly one of the four circles. What is the maximum possible area of region $S$?

$\textbf{(A) }24\pi \qquad \textbf{(B) }32\pi \qquad \textbf{(C) }64\pi \qquad \textbf{(D) }65\pi \qquad \textbf{(E) }84\pi$

Solution

[asy] /* diagram made by samrocksnature */ pair A=(10,0); pair B=(-10,0); draw(A--B); draw(circle((0,-1),1)); draw(circle((0,-3),3)); draw(circle((0,-5),5)); draw(circle((0,7),7)); dot((0,7)); draw((0,7)--(0,0)); label("$7$",(0,3.5),E); label("$l$",(-9,0),S); [/asy] After a bit of wishful thinking and inspection, we find that the above configuration maximizes our area, which is $49 \pi + (25-9) \pi=65 \pi \rightarrow \boxed{\textbf{(D)}}$

~ samrocksnature

Video Solution by OmegaLearn (Area of Circles and Logic)

https://youtu.be/yPIFmrJvUxM

~ pi_is_3.14

Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath

https://youtu.be/GYpAm8v1h-U?t=206

~IceMatrix

Video Solution by Interstigation

https://youtu.be/DvpN56Ob6Zw?t=555

~Interstigation

2021 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 6
Followed by
Problem 8
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