2021 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 25
Let denote the number of positive integers that divide , including and . For example, and . (This function is known as the divisor function.) LetThere is a unique positive integer such that for all positive integers . What is the sum of the digits of
Consider the prime factorization By the Multiplication Principle, Now, we rewrite as As for all positive integers it follows that for all positive integers and , if and only if So, is maximized if and only if is maximized.
For every factor with a fixed where the denominator grows faster than the numerator, as exponential functions grow faster than polynomial functions. For each prime we look for the for which is a relative maximum:
Finally, the number we seek is The sum of its digits is
Actually, once we get that is a factor of we know that the sum of the digits of must be a multiple of Only choice is possible.
A cube root seems bad, so we should just cube it. It seems that if the number is a multiple of 3, there are only two choices. If the number is a multiple of 9, there is one choice. We can prove that for all k is indivisible by 3, f(9k) > f(3k) > f(k). The divisors of 3k contain the divisors of k and the divisors of k multiplied by 3. The divisors of 9k contain the divisors of k, the divisors of k multiplied by 3, and the divisors of k multiplied by 9. so and since is the only possible answer choice, it is the answer.
Solution 3 (Only Use If Low On Time)
We can guess that would be divisible by . Recall, for a number to be divisible by , the sum of its digits must also be divisible by . Since there's only one choice where it's divisible by , we get as our answer. ~rocketsri
Video Solution by OmegaLearn (Multiplicative function properties + Meta-solving )
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