# Difference between revisions of "2021 AMC 12B Problems"

 2021 AMC 12B (Answer Key)Printable version: Wiki | AoPS Resources • PDF Instructions This is a 25-question, multiple choice test. Each question is followed by answers marked A, B, C, D and E. Only one of these is correct. You will receive 6 points for each correct answer, 2.5 points for each problem left unanswered if the year is before 2006, 1.5 points for each problem left unanswered if the year is after 2006, and 0 points for each incorrect answer. No aids are permitted other than scratch paper, graph paper, ruler, compass, protractor and erasers (and calculators that are accepted for use on the test if before 2006. No problems on the test will require the use of a calculator). Figures are not necessarily drawn to scale. You will have 75 minutes working time to complete the test. 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25

## Problem 1

How many integer values of $x$ satisfy $|x|<3\pi?$

$\textbf{(A) }9 \qquad \textbf{(B) }10 \qquad \textbf{(C) }18 \qquad \textbf{(D) }19 \qquad \textbf{(E) }20$

## Problem 2

At a math contest, $57$ students are wearing blue shirts, and another $75$ students are wearing yellow shirts. The $132$ students are assigned into $66$ points. In exactly $23$ of these pairs, both students are wearing blue shirts. In how many pairs are both studets wearing yellow shirts?

$\textbf{(A) }23 \qquad \textbf{(B) }32 \qquad \textbf{(C) }37 \qquad \textbf{(D) }41 \qquad \textbf{(E) }64$

## Problem 3

Suppose$$2+\frac{1}{1+\frac{1}{2+\frac{2}{3+x}}}=\frac{144}{53}.$$What is the value of $x?$

$\textbf{(A) }\frac34 \qquad \textbf{(B) }\frac78 \qquad \textbf{(C) }\frac{14}{15} \qquad \textbf{(D) }\frac{37}{38} \qquad \textbf{(E) }\frac{52}{53}$

## Problem 4

Ms. Blackwell gives an exam to two classes. The mean of the scores of the students in the morning class is $84$, and the afternoon class's mean score is $70$. The ratio of the number of students in the morning clas to the number of students in the afternoon class is $\frac34$. What is the mean of the score of all the students?

$\textbf{(A) }74 \qquad \textbf{(B) }75 \qquad \textbf{(C) }76 \qquad \textbf{(D) }77 \qquad \textbf{(E) }78$

## Problem 5

The point $P(a,b)$ in the $xy$-plane is first rotated counterclockwise by $90^\circ$ around the point $(1,5)$ and then reflected about the line $y=-x$. The image of $P$ after these two transformations is at $(-6,3)$. What is $b-a?$

$\textbf{(A) }1 \qquad \textbf{(B) }3 \qquad \textbf{(C) }5 \qquad \textbf{(D) }7 \qquad \textbf{(E) }9$

## Problem 6

An inverted cone with base radius $12 \text{cm}$ and height $18\text{cm}$ is full of water. The water is poured into a tall cylinder whose horizontal base has a radius of $24\text{cm}$. What is the height in centimeters of the water in the cylinder?

$\textbf{(A) }1.5 \qquad \textbf{(B) }3 \qquad \textbf{(C) }4 \qquad \textbf{(D) }4.5 \qquad \textbf{(E) }6$

## Problem 7

Let $N=34\cdot34\cdot63\cdot270.$ What is the ratio of the sum of the odd divisors of $N$ to the sum of the even divisors of $N?$

$\textbf{(A) }1:16 \qquad \textbf{(B) }1:15 \qquad \textbf{(C) }1:14 \qquad \textbf{(D) }1:8 \qquad \textbf{(E) }1:3$

## Problem 8

Three equally spaced parallel lines intersect a circle, creating three chords of lengths $38,38,$ and $34$. What is the distance between two adjacent parallel lines?

$\textbf{(A) }5\frac12 \qquad \textbf{(B) }6 \qquad \textbf{(C) }6\frac12 \qquad \textbf{(D) }7 \qquad \textbf{(E) }7\frac12$

## Problem 9

What is the value of$$\frac{\log_2 80}{\log_{40}2}-\frac{\log_2 160}{\log_{20}2}?$$ $\textbf{(A) }0 \qquad \textbf{(B) }1 \qquad \textbf{(C) }\frac54 \qquad \textbf{(D) }2 \qquad \textbf{(E) }\log_2 5$

## Problem 10

Two distinct numbers are selected from the set $\{1,2,3,4,\dots,36,37\}$ so that the sum of the remaining $35$ numbers is the product of these two numbers. What is the difference of these two numbers?

$\textbf{(A) }5 \qquad \textbf{(B) }7 \qquad \textbf{(C) }8\qquad \textbf{(D) }9 \qquad \textbf{(E) }10$

## Problem 11

Triangle $ABC$ has $AB=13,BC=14$ and $AC=15$. Let $P$ be the point on $\overline{AC}$ such that $PC=10$. There are exactly two points $D$ and $E$ on line $BP$ such that quadrilaterals $ABCD$ and $ABCE$ are trapezoids. What is the distance $DE?$

$\textbf{(A) }\frac{42}5 \qquad \textbf{(B) }6\sqrt2 \qquad \textbf{(C) }\frac{84}5\qquad \textbf{(D) }12\sqrt2 \qquad \textbf{(E) }18$

## Problem 12

Suppose that $S$ is a finite set of positive integers. If the greatest integer in $S$ is removed from $S$, then the average value (arithmetic mean) of the integers remaining is $32$. If the least integer in $S$ is also removed, then the average value of the integers remaining is $35$. If the great integer is then returned to the set, the average value of the integers rises to $40.$ The greatest integer in the original set $S$ is $72$ greater than the least integer in $S$. What is the average value of all the integers in the set $S?$

$\textbf{(A) }36.2 \qquad \textbf{(B) }36.4 \qquad \textbf{(C) }36.6\qquad \textbf{(D) }36.8 \qquad \textbf{(E) }37$

## Problem 13

How many values of $\theta$ in the interval $0<\theta\le 2\pi$ satisfy$$1-3\sin\theta+5\cos3\theta?$$ $\textbf{(A) }2 \qquad \textbf{(B) }4 \qquad \textbf{(C) }5\qquad \textbf{(D) }6 \qquad \textbf{(E) }8$

## Problem 14

Let $ABCD$ be a rectangle and let $\overline{DM}$ be a segment perpendicular to the plane of $ABCD$. Suppose that $\overline{DM}$ has integer length, and the lengths of $\overline{MA},\overline{MC},$ and $\overline{MB}$ are consecutive odd positive integers (in this order). What is the volume of pyramid $MACD?$

$\textbf{(A) }24\sqrt5 \qquad \textbf{(B) }60 \qquad \textbf{(C) }28\sqrt5\qquad \textbf{(D) }66 \qquad \textbf{(E) }8\sqrt{70}$

## Problem 15

These problems will not be posted until the 2021 AMC 12B is released on Wednesday, February 10, 2021.

## Problem 16

Let $g(x)$ be a polynomial with leading coefficient $1,$ whose three roots are the reciprocals of the three roots of $f(x)=x^3+ax^2+bx+c,$ where $1 What is $g(1)$ in terms of $a,b,$ and $c?$

$\textbf{(A) }\frac{1+a+b+c}c \qquad \textbf{(B) }1+a+b+c \qquad \textbf{(C) }\frac{1+a+b+c}{c^2}\qquad \textbf{(D) }\frac{a+b+c}{c^2} \qquad \textbf{(E) }\frac{1+a+b+c}{a+b+c}$

## Problem 17

Let $ABCD$ be an isoceles trapezoid having parallel bases $\overline{AB}$ and $\overline{CD}$ with $AB>CD.$ Line segments from a point inside $ABCD$ to the vertices divide the trapezoid into four triangles whose areas are $2, 3, 4,$ and $5$ starting with the triangle with base $\overline{CD}$ and moving clockwise as shown in the diagram below. What is the ratio $\frac{AB}{CD}?$ $[asy] unitsize(100); pair A=(-1, 0), B=(1, 0), C=(0.3, 0.9), D=(-0.3, 0.9), P=(0.2, 0.5), E=(0.1, 0.75), F=(0.4, 0.5), G=(0.15, 0.2), H=(-0.3, 0.5); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle, black); draw(A--P, black); draw(B--P, black); draw(C--P, black); draw(D--P, black); label("A",A,(-1,0)); label("B",B,(1,0)); label("C",C,(1,-0)); label("D",D,(-1,0)); label("2",E,(0,0)); label("3",F,(0,0)); label("4",G,(0,0)); label("5",H,(0,0)); dot(A^^B^^C^^D^^P); [/asy]$ $\textbf{(A)}\: 3\qquad\textbf{(B)}\: 2+\sqrt{2}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\: 1+\sqrt{6}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\: 2\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\: 3\sqrt{2}$

## Problem 18

Let $z$ be a complex number satisfying $12|z|^2=2|z+2|^2+|z^2+1|^2+31.$ What is the value if $z+\frac 6z?$

$\textbf{(A) }-2 \qquad \textbf{(B) }-1 \qquad \textbf{(C) }\frac12\qquad \textbf{(D) }1 \qquad \textbf{(E) }4$

## Problem 19

Two fair dice, each with at least $6$ faces are rolled. On each face of each dice is printed a distinct integer from $1$ to the number of faces on that die, inclusive. The probability of rolling a sum if $7$ is $\frac34$ of the probability of rolling a sum of $10,$ and the probability of rolling a sum of $12$ is $\frac{1}{12}$. What is the least possible number of faces on the two dice combined?

$\textbf{(A) }16 \qquad \textbf{(B) }17 \qquad \textbf{(C) }18\qquad \textbf{(D) }19 \qquad \textbf{(E) }20$

## Problem 20

Let $Q(z)$ and $R(z)$ be the unique polynomials such that$$z^{2021}+1=(z^2+z+1)Q(z)+R(z)$$and the degree of $R$ is less than $2.$ What is $R(z)?$

$\textbf{(A) }-z \qquad \textbf{(B) }-1 \qquad \textbf{(C) }2021\qquad \textbf{(D) }z+1 \qquad \textbf{(E) }2z+1$

## Problem 21

Let $S$ be the sum of all positive real numbers $x$ for which$$x^{2^{\sqrt2}}=\sqrt2^{2^x}.$$Which of the following statements is true?

$\textbf{(A) }S<\sqrt2 \qquad \textbf{(B) }S=\sqrt2 \qquad \textbf{(C) }\sqrt2

## Problem 22

These problems will not be posted until the 2021 AMC 12B is released on Wednesday, February 10, 2021.

## Problem 23

Three balls are randomly and independantly tossed into bins numbered with the positive integers so that for each ball, the probability that it is tossed into bin $i$ is $2^{-i}$ for $i=1,2,3,....$ More than one ball is allowed in each bin. The probability that the balls end up evenly spaced in distinct bins is $\frac pq,$ where $p$ and $q$ are relatively prime positive integers. (For example, the balls are evenly spaced if they are tossed into bins $3,17,$ and $10.$) What is $p+q?$

$\textbf{(A) }55 \qquad \textbf{(B) }56 \qquad \textbf{(C) }57\qquad \textbf{(D) }58 \qquad \textbf{(E) }59$

## Problem 24

These problems will not be posted until the 2021 AMC 12B is released on Wednesday, February 10, 2021.

## Problem 25

Let $S$ be the set of lattice points in the coordinate plane, both of whose coordinates are integers between $1$ and $30,$ inclusive. Exactly $300$ points in $S$ lie on or below a line with equation $y=mx.$ The possible values of $m$ lie in an interval of length $\frac ab,$ where $a$ and $b$ are relatively prime positive integers. What is $a+b?$

$\textbf{(A) }31 \qquad \textbf{(B) }47 \qquad \textbf{(C) }62\qquad \textbf{(D) }72 \qquad \textbf{(E) }85$