Difference between revisions of "2021 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 12"
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Revision as of 12:54, 12 February 2021
Suppose that is a finite set of positive integers. If the greatest integer in is removed from , then the average value (arithmetic mean) of the integers remaining is . If the least integer in is also removed, then the average value of the integers remaining is . If the great integer is then returned to the set, the average value of the integers rises to The greatest integer in the original set is greater than the least integer in . What is the average value of all the integers in the set
Let be the greatest integer, be the smallest, be the sum of the numbers in S excluding and , and be the number of elements in S.
Firstly, when the greatest integer is removed,
When the smallest integer is also removed,
When the greatest integer is added back,
We are given that
After you substitute , you have 3 equations with 3 unknowns , and .
This can be easily solved to yield , , .
average value of all integers in the set , D)
We should plug in and assume everything is true except the part. We then calculate that part and end up with . We also see with the formulas we used with the plug in that when you increase by the part decreases by . The answer is then . You can work backwards because it is multiple choice and you don't have to do critical thinking. ~Lopkiloinm
Video Solution by OmegaLearn (System of equations)
Video Solution by Hawk Math
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