2021 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 15

Revision as of 20:37, 11 February 2021 by Lcz (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem 20

The figure is constructed from $11$ line segments, each of which has length $2$. The area of pentagon $ABCDE$ can be written is $\sqrt{m} + \sqrt{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are positive integers. What is $m + n ?$ [asy] /* Made by samrocksnature */ pair A=(-2.4638,4.10658); pair B=(-4,2.6567453480756127); pair C=(-3.47132,0.6335248637894945); pair D=(-1.464483379039766,0.6335248637894945); pair E=(-0.956630463955801,2.6567453480756127); pair F=(-2,2); pair G=(-3,2); draw(A--B--C--D--E--A); draw(A--F--A--G); draw(B--F--C); draw(E--G--D); label("A",A,N); label("B",B,W); label("C",C,W); label("D",D,E); label("E",E,dir(0)); dot(A^^B^^C^^D^^E^^F^^G); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A)} ~20 \qquad\textbf{(B)} ~21 \qquad\textbf{(C)} ~22 \qquad\textbf{(D)} ~23 \qquad\textbf{(E)} ~24$


Let $M$ be the midpoint of $CD$. Noting that $AED$ and $ABC$ are $120-30-30$ triangles because of the equilateral triangles, $AM=\sqrt{AD^2-MD^2}=\sqrt{12-1}=\sqrt{11} \implies [ACD]=\sqrt{11}$. Also, $[AED]=2*2*\frac{1}{2}*\sin{120^o}=\sqrt{3}$ and so $[ABCDE]=[ACD]+2[AED]=\sqrt{11}+2\sqrt{3}=\sqrt{11}+\sqrt{12} \implies \boxed{(\textbf{D})23}$.


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