2021 Fall AMC 12A Problems/Problem 7

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The following problem is from both the 2021 Fall AMC 10A #10 and 2021 Fall AMC 12A #7, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

A school has $100$ students and $5$ teachers. In the first period, each student is taking one class, and each teacher is teaching one class. The enrollments in the classes are $50, 20, 20, 5,$ and $5$. Let $t$ be the average value obtained if a teacher is picked at random and the number of students in their class is noted. Let $s$ be the average value obtained if a student was picked at random and the number of students in their class, including the student, is noted. What is $t-s$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ {-}18.5 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ {-}13.5 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 0 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 13.5 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 18.5$

Solution

The formula for expected values is $$\text{Expected Value}=\sum(\text{Outcome}\cdot\text{Probability}).$$ We have \begin{align*} t &= 50\cdot\frac15 + 20\cdot\frac15 + 20\cdot\frac15 + 5\cdot\frac15 + 5\cdot\frac15 \\ &= (50+20+20+5+5)\cdot\frac15 \\ &= 100\cdot\frac15 \\ &= 20, \\ s &= 50\cdot\frac{50}{100} + 20\cdot\frac{20}{100} + 20\cdot\frac{20}{100} + 5\cdot\frac{5}{100} + 5\cdot\frac{5}{100} \\ &= 25 + 4 + 4 + 0.25 + 0.25 \\ &= 33.5. \end{align*} Therefore, the answer is $t-s=\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ {-}13.5}.$

~MRENTHUSIASM

Video Solution (Simple and Quick)

~Education, the Study of Everything

Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath

for AMC 10: https://youtu.be/ycRZHCOKTVk?t=789

for AMC 12: https://youtu.be/wlDlByKI7A8?t=157

~IceMatrix

Video Solution by WhyMath

~savannahsolver

 2021 Fall AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 6 Followed byProblem 8 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
 2021 Fall AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 9 Followed byProblem 11 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions