# 2022 AIME I Problems

 2022 AIME I (Answer Key) Printable version | AoPS Contest Collections • PDF Instructions This is a 15-question, 3-hour examination. All answers are integers ranging from $000$ to $999$, inclusive. Your score will be the number of correct answers; i.e., there is neither partial credit nor a penalty for wrong answers. No aids other than scratch paper, graph paper, ruler, compass, and protractor are permitted. In particular, calculators and computers are not permitted. 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15

## Problem 1

Quadratic polynomials $P(x)$ and $Q(x)$ have leading coefficients $2$ and $-2,$ respectively. The graphs of both polynomials pass through the two points $(16,54)$ and $(20,53).$ Find $P(0) + Q(0).$

## Problem 2

Find the three-digit positive integer $\underline{a}\,\underline{b}\,\underline{c}$ whose representation in base nine is $\underline{b}\,\underline{c}\,\underline{a}_{\,\text{nine}},$ where $a,$ $b,$ and $c$ are (not necessarily distinct) digits.

## Problem 3

In isosceles trapezoid $ABCD,$ parallel bases $\overline{AB}$ and $\overline{CD}$ have lengths $500$ and $650,$ respectively, and $AD=BC=333.$ The angle bisectors of $\angle A$ and $\angle D$ meet at $P,$ and the angle bisectors of $\angle B$ and $\angle C$ meet at $Q.$ Find $PQ.$

## Problem 4

Let $w = \dfrac{\sqrt{3} + i}{2}$ and $z = \dfrac{-1 + i\sqrt{3}}{2},$ where $i = \sqrt{-1}.$ Find the number of ordered pairs $(r,s)$ of positive integers not exceeding $100$ that satisfy the equation $i \cdot w^r = z^s.$

## Problem 5

A straight river that is $264$ meters wide flows from west to east at a rate of $14$ meters per minute. Melanie and Sherry sit on the south bank of the river with Melanie a distance of $D$ meters downstream from Sherry. Relative to the water, Melanie swims at $80$ meters per minute, and Sherry swims at $60$ meters per minute. At the same time, Melanie and Sherry begin swimming in straight lines to a point on the north bank of the river that is equidistant from their starting positions. The two women arrive at this point simultaneously. Find $D.$

## Problem 6

Find the number of ordered pairs of integers $(a,b)$ such that the sequence $$3,4,5,a,b,30,40,50$$ is strictly increasing and no set of four (not necessarily consecutive) terms forms an arithmetic progression.

## Problem 7

Let $a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i$ be distinct integers from $1$ to $9.$ The minimum possible positive value of $$\dfrac{a \cdot b \cdot c - d \cdot e \cdot f}{g \cdot h \cdot i}$$ can be written as $\frac{m}{n},$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n.$

## Problem 8

Equilateral triangle $\triangle ABC$ is inscribed in circle $\omega$ with radius $18.$ Circle $\omega_A$ is tangent to sides $\overline{AB}$ and $\overline{AC}$ and is internally tangent to $\omega.$ Circles $\omega_B$ and $\omega_C$ are defined analogously. Circles $\omega_A,$ $\omega_B,$ and $\omega_C$ meet in six points---two points for each pair of circles. The three intersection points closest to the vertices of $\triangle ABC$ are the vertices of a large equilateral triangle in the interior of $\triangle ABC,$ and the other three intersection points are the vertices of a smaller equilateral triangle in the interior of $\triangle ABC.$ The side length of the smaller equilateral triangle can be written as $\sqrt{a} - \sqrt{b},$ where $a$ and $b$ are positive integers. Find $a+b.$

## Problem 9

Ellina has twelve blocks, two each of red ($\textbf{R}$), blue ($\textbf{B}$), yellow ($\textbf{Y}$), green ($\textbf{G}$), orange ($\textbf{O}$), and purple ($\textbf{P}$). Call an arrangement of blocks $\textit{even}$ if there is an even number of blocks between each pair of blocks of the same color. For example, the arrangement $$\textbf{R B B Y G G Y R O P P O}$$ is even. Ellina arranges her blocks in a row in random order. The probability that her arrangement is even is $\frac{m}{n},$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n.$

## Problem 10

Three spheres with radii $11,$ $13,$ and $19$ are mutually externally tangent. A plane intersects the spheres in three congruent circles centered at $A,$ $B,$ and $C,$ respectively, and the centers of the spheres all lie on the same side of this plane. Suppose that $AB^2 = 560.$ Find $AC^2.$

## Problem 11

Let $ABCD$ be a parallelogram with $\angle BAD < 90^\circ.$ A circle tangent to sides $\overline{DA},$ $\overline{AB},$ and $\overline{BC}$ intersects diagonal $\overline{AC}$ at points $P$ and $Q$ with $AP < AQ,$ as shown. Suppose that $AP=3,$ $PQ=9,$ and $QC=16.$ Then the area of $ABCD$ can be expressed in the form $m\sqrt{n},$ where $m$ and $n$ are positive integers, and $n$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $m+n.$

$[asy] defaultpen(linewidth(0.6)+fontsize(11)); size(8cm); pair A,B,C,D,P,Q; A=(0,0); label("A", A, SW); B=(6,15); label("B", B, NW); C=(30,15); label("C", C, NE); D=(24,0); label("D", D, SE); P=(5.2,2.6); label("P", (5.8,2.6), N); Q=(18.3,9.1); label("Q", (18.1,9.7), W); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); draw(C--A); draw(Circle((10.95,7.45), 7.45)); dot(A^^B^^C^^D^^P^^Q); [/asy]$

## Problem 12

For any finite set $X,$ let $|X|$ denote the number of elements in $X.$ Define $$S_n = \sum |A \cap B|,$$ where the sum is taken over all ordered pairs $(A,B)$ such that $A$ and $B$ are subsets of $\{1,2,3,\ldots,n\}$ with $|A|=|B|.$ For example, $S_2 = 4$ because the sum is taken over the pairs of subsets $$(A,B) \in \left\{(\emptyset,\emptyset),(\{1\},\{1\}),(\{1\},\{2\}),(\{2\},\{1\}),(\{2\},\{2\}),(\{1,2\},\{1,2\})\right\},$$ giving $S_2 = 0+1+0+0+1+2=4.$ Let $\frac{S_{2022}}{S_{2021}} = \frac{p}{q},$ where $p$ and $q$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find the remainder when $p+q$ is divided by $1000.$

## Problem 13

Let $S$ be the set of all rational numbers that can be expressed as a repeating decimal in the form $0.\overline{abcd},$ where at least one of the digits $a,$ $b,$ $c,$ or $d$ is nonzero. Let $N$ be the number of distinct numerators obtained when numbers in $S$ are written as fractions in lowest terms. For example, both $4$ and $410$ are counted among the distinct numerators for numbers in $S$ because $0.\overline{3636} = \frac{4}{11}$ and $0.\overline{1230} = \frac{410}{3333}.$ Find the remainder when $N$ is divided by $1000.$

## Problem 14

Given $\triangle ABC$ and a point $P$ on one of its sides, call line $\ell$ the $\textit{splitting line}$ of $\triangle ABC$ through $P$ if $\ell$ passes through $P$ and divides $\triangle ABC$ into two polygons of equal perimeter. Let $\triangle ABC$ be a triangle where $BC = 219$ and $AB$ and $AC$ are positive integers. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of $\overline{AB}$ and $\overline{AC},$ respectively, and suppose that the splitting lines of $\triangle ABC$ through $M$ and $N$ intersect at $30^\circ.$ Find the perimeter of $\triangle ABC.$

## Problem 15

Let $x,$ $y,$ and $z$ be positive real numbers satisfying the system of equations: \begin{align*} \sqrt{2x-xy} + \sqrt{2y-xy} &= 1 \\ \sqrt{2y-yz} + \sqrt{2z-yz} &= \sqrt2 \\ \sqrt{2z-zx} + \sqrt{2x-zx} &= \sqrt3 \end{align*} . Then $\left[ (1-x)(1-y)(1-z) \right]^2$ can be written as $\frac{m}{n},$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n.$