Difference between revisions of "Euclid's proof of the infinitude of primes"

 
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Revision as of 17:21, 15 January 2007

This is proved by contradiction. Suppose there is a finite number of primes and let them be $p_1,p_2,p_3,...,p_n$. Let $x=p_1p_2p_3\cdots p_n$. Then we have $x+1=p_1p_2p_3\cdots p_n+1$. When divided by any of the primes $p_1,p_2,p_3,...,p_n$, $x+1$ leaves a remainder of 1 implying that either $x+1$ is prime or that it has some other prime factors not in the set $\{ p_1,p_2,p_3,...,p_n\}$. In any case we have it so that $\{ p_1,p_2,p_3,...,p_n\}$ does not contain all prime numbers. Contradiction!

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