# Difference between revisions of "G285 2021 MC10A"

## Problem 1

What is the smallest value of $x$ that minimizes $|||2^{|x^2|} - 4|-4|-8|$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ -2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ -1\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 0\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 2$

## Problem 2

Suppose the set $S$ denotes $S = \{1,2,3 \cdots n\}$. Then, a subset of length $1 is chosen. All even digits in the subset $k$ are then are put into group $k_1$, and the odd digits are put in $k_2$. Then, one number is selected at random from either $k_1$ or $k_2$ with equal chances. What is the probability that the number selected is a perfect square, given $n=4$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{3}{11}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{6}{11}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{7}{13}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{3}{5}$

## Problem 3

Let $ABCD$ be a unit square. If points $E$ and $F$ are chosen on $AB$ and $CD$ respectively such that the area of $\triangle AEF = \frac{3}{2} \triangle CFE$. What is $EF^2$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{13}{9}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{8}{9}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{37}{36}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{5}{4}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{13}{36}$

## Problem 4

What is the smallest value of $k$ for which $$2^{18k} \equiv 76 \mod 100$$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 20$

## Problem 5

Let a recursive sequence be denoted by $a_n$ such that $a_0 = 1$ and $a_1 = k$. Suppose $a_{n-1} = n+a_n$ for $n>1$. Let an infinite arithmetic sequence $P$ be such that $P=\{k+1, k-p+1, k-2p+1 \cdots\}$. If $k$ is prime, for what value of $p$ will $k_{2021} = k-2022p+1$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1011\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1011}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2021\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{2021}{2}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 4042$

## Problem 6

Find $$\sum_{j=1}^{50} s^3 \sum_{h=3}^{10} {4h+5}$$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 323400\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 336600\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 673200\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 646800\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 2124150$

## Problem 7

A regular tetrahedron has length $4$. Suppose on the center of each surface, a hemisphere of diameter $2$ is constructed such that the hemisphere falls inside the volume of the figure. If the ratio between the radius of the largest sphere that can be inscribed inside the old tetrahedron and new tetrahedron $\frac{m\sqrt{n}}{r\sqrt{n}-e}$, where $n$ is square free, and $gcd(m,e,r) = 1$. Find $m+n+r+e$.

$\textbf{(A)}\ 19\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 21\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 22\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 23\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 25$

## Problem 8

If $(\cos 20^o + \sin 20^o)^2$ can be expressed as $\frac{\sqrt{t}+u}{vx}+w(y^2)$, where $t$ is square free and $gcd(u,v,w) = 1$, find $t+u+v+w$ if $x=\cos 20^o$ and $y=\sin 20^o$.

$\textbf{(A)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 12$

## Problem 9

If a real number $k$ is $happy$ , $k^3+5k-3 \ge (k-1)^4$. If a real number $l$ is $unhappy$ , $l^3+5l^2 \ge 2064l$. If a number is neither $happy$ or $unhappy$, it will be $neutral$. What is the probability that $3$ randomly selected numbers from the interval $[1,100]$ are $happy$ , $unhappy$, and $neutral$, in any given order?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{20,007}{5,000,000}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{2}{9}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{6,669}{1,000,000}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{247}{35,937}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{494}{11,979}$

## Problem 10

Suppose the area of $\triangle ABC$ is equal to the sum of its side lengths. Let point $D$ be on the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ such that $AD$ is a diameter. If $E$ is the center of the circumcircle, and $I$ is the center of the incircle of $\triangle ABC$, and $CI=4$, find $EI$.

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{3}{4}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{5}{2}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 2$

## Problem 11

If $abcd_{11}$ is a palindrome in base $7$, and $dcba$ expressed in base $10$ does not begin with a nonzero digit, find the difference between the largest and smallest possible sum of $a+b+c+d$.

$\textbf{(A)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 11\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 12$