Difference between revisions of "Georgeooga-Harryooga Theorem"

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<h1>Overview</h1>
 
<h1>Overview</h1>
  
This is not a legit theorem
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This is a legit theorem
  
 
<i>@Sugar rush</i> Even though this is not a real theorem, it could be useful to use this, so I will bring parts of it back:
 
<i>@Sugar rush</i> Even though this is not a real theorem, it could be useful to use this, so I will bring parts of it back:

Revision as of 20:23, 2 January 2021

Overview

This is a legit theorem

@Sugar rush Even though this is not a real theorem, it could be useful to use this, so I will bring parts of it back:

Definition

The Georgeooga-Harryooga Theorem states that if you have $a$ distinguishable objects and $b$ are kept away from each other, then there are $\frac{(a-b)!(a-b+1)!}{(a-2b+1)!}$ ways to arrange the objects.

Proof

Let our group of $a$ objects be represented like so $1$, $2$, $3$, ..., $a-1$, $a$. Let the last $b$ objects be the ones we can't have together.

Then we can organize our objects like so $\square1\square2\square3\square...\square a-b-1\square a-b\square$.

We have $(a-b)!$ ways to arrange the objects in that list.

Now we have $a-b+1$ blanks and $b$ other objects so we have $_{a-b+1}P_{b}=\frac{(a-b+1)!}{(a-2b+1)!}$ ways to arrange the objects we can't put together.

By fundamental counting principal our answer is $\frac{(a-b)!(a-b+1)!}{(a-2b+1)!}$.


Proof by RedFireTruck

A side note by aryabhata000:

This can also be done by stars and bars like so: Let us call the $b$ people $1, 2, ... b$

Let the number of people before $1$ in line be $y_1$, between $1, 2$ be $y_2$, ... after $b$ b3 $y_{b+1}$. We have \[y_1 + y_2 + y_3 + \dots y_{b+1} = a-b\]

The number of ways to determine $y_1, y_2, \dots$ is equivalent to the number of positive integer solutions to: \[x_1 + x_2 + .. + x_{b+1}\] where $(x_2, ... x_b) = (y_2, ..., y_b)$ and $(x_1, x_{b+1}) = (y_1 +1, y_{b+1})$.

So, by stars and bars, the number of ways to determine $(y_2, ..., y_b)$ is \[F(a,b) = \dbinom{a-b+1}{b} = \frac {(a-b+1)!}{b!(a-2b+1)!}\]

Furthermore, after picking positions for the people, we have $(a-b)!$ ways to order the $(a-b)$ people who can be together, and $b!$ ways to order the $b$ people who cannot be together. So for each $(y_1, y_2, ... y_{b+1}$, we have $b! (a-b)!$ orderings.

Therefore, the final answer is \[b! (a-b)! F(a,b) = \frac{(a-b)!(a-b+1)!}{(a-2b+1)!}\]

Application

Alice, Bob, Carl, David, Eric, Fred, George, and Harry want to stand in a line to buy ice cream. Fred and George are identical twins, so they are indistinguishable. Alice, Bob, and Carl had a serious disagreement in 6th grade, so none of them can be together in the line. With these conditions, how many different ways can you arrange these kids in a line?

Problem by Math4Life2020

Solution

If Eric and Fred were distinguishable we would have $\frac{(8-3)!(8-3+1)!}{(8-2\cdot3+1)!}=14400$ ways to arrange them by the Georgeooga-Harryooga Theorem. However, Eric and Fred are indistinguishable so we have to divide by $2!=2$. Therefore, our answer is $\frac{14400}2=\boxed{7200}$.


Solution by RedFireTruck


ALL THINGS ABOVE EXCEPT FOR THE OVERVIEW TAB AND THE PROBLEM IS MADE BY RedFireTruck

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