Difference between revisions of "Manifold"
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− | A '''manifold''' is a [[topological space]] locally [[ | + | A '''manifold''' is a [[topological space]] locally [[homeomorphic]] to an [[open set | open]] [[ball]] in some [[Euclidean space]]. Informally, this says that if one were living on a point in a manifold, the region surrounding any point would look just like "normal" Euclidean space, i.e. <math>\mathbb{R}^n</math> for some <math>n</math>. For example, the interior of a Mobius strip (that is, excluding its edge) or the surface of an infinite cylinder is a two-dimensional manifold because from each point on either surface the immediate neighborhood is indistinguishable from the usual [[Euclidean plane]], even though ''globally'' neither of these surfaces looks much like the plane. |
The [[Whitney Embedding Theorem]] allows us to visualise manifolds as being [[embedding | embedded]] in some Euclidean space. | The [[Whitney Embedding Theorem]] allows us to visualise manifolds as being [[embedding | embedded]] in some Euclidean space. |
Revision as of 23:17, 7 April 2008
This is an AoPSWiki Word of the Week for March 28-April 5 |
A manifold is a topological space locally homeomorphic to an open ball in some Euclidean space. Informally, this says that if one were living on a point in a manifold, the region surrounding any point would look just like "normal" Euclidean space, i.e. for some . For example, the interior of a Mobius strip (that is, excluding its edge) or the surface of an infinite cylinder is a two-dimensional manifold because from each point on either surface the immediate neighborhood is indistinguishable from the usual Euclidean plane, even though globally neither of these surfaces looks much like the plane.
The Whitney Embedding Theorem allows us to visualise manifolds as being embedded in some Euclidean space.
Definition
A topological space is said to be a manifold if and only if
- is Hausdorff
- is second-countable, i.e. it has a countable base.
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