Mathematics

Revision as of 16:49, 3 December 2007 by 1=2 (talk | contribs) (Non-Discrete Mathematics)

Mathematics is the science of numbers, and the study of relationships that exist between them.

Overview

$1\,2\,3\,4\,5\,6\,7\,8\,9\,0$

Enlarge.png
The ten digits making up
the base ten number system.

Modern mathematics is normally built around base 10, with ten digits. ($0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9$) Modern mathematics is separated into two categories: discrete mathematics and non-discrete.

Non-Discrete Mathematics

Non-discrete mathematics is study of mathematics that is generally applicable to the "real world", such as algebra, Euclidean geometry, statistics, and other such topics. (Note that the real world is actually only approximately Euclidean if one studies large areas of it, infinitesimal areas actually are non-Euclidean) There is some controversy over what varieties of algebra are non-discrete, but it is generally agreed that elementary and superior algebra are non-discrete, while abstract algebra and intermediate topics such as field and graph theory and Diophantine equations are discrete.

Discrete Mathematics

Combinatorics, number theory, and some of the algebraic fields mentioned above are examples of discrete mathematics. Topics of discrete mathematics are generally not directly applicable to the "real world", and if they are, it is only in an abstract fashion.

History of Mathematics

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See also

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