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A midpoint bisects the line segment that the midpoint lies on. Because of this property, we say that for any line segment with midpoint , . Alternatively, any point on such that is the midpoint of the segment.
In Cartesian Plane
In the Cartesian Plane, the coordinates of the midpoint can be obtained when the two endpoints , of the line segment is known. Say that and . The Midpoint Formula states that the coordinates of can be calculated as: