# Difference between revisions of "Proportion"

Two numbers are said to be in proportion to each other if some numeric relationship exists between them. There are several types of proportions, each defined by a separate class of function.

## Direct proportion

Direct proportion is a proportion in which one number is a multiple of the other. Direct proportion between two numbers x and y can be expressed as: $y=kx$

where k is some real number.

The graph of a direct proportion is always linear.

Often, this will be written as $y \propto x$.

## Inverse proportion

Inverse proportion is a proportion in which as one number's absolute value increases, the other's decreases in a directly proportional amount. It can be expressed as: $xy=k$

where k is some real number that does not equal zero.

The graph of an inverse proportion is always a hyperbola, with asymptotes at the x and y axes.

## Exponential proportion

A proportion in which one number is equal to a constant raised to the power of the other, or the logarithm of the other, is called an exponential proportion. It can be expressed as either: $y = k^x\,$ or $y = \log_k (x).\,$

for some real number k, where k is not zero or one.

## Problems

### Introductory

• Suppose $\frac{1}{20}$ is either x or y in the following system: $\begin{cases} xy=\frac{1}{k}\\ x=ky \end{cases}$

Find the possible values of k. (Source)