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−  == Statement ==
 +  #REDIRECT[[Stewart's theorem]] 
−  Given a [[triangle]] <math>\triangle ABC</math> with sides of length <math>a, b, c</math> opposite [[vertex  vertices]] are <math>A</math>, <math>B</math>, <math>C</math>, respectively. If [[cevian]] <math>AD</math> is drawn so that <math>BD = m</math>, <math>DC = n</math> and <math>AD = d</math>, we have that <math>b^2m + c^2n = amn + d^2a</math>. (This is also often written <math>man + dad = bmb + cnc</math>, a form which invites mnemonic memorization, i.e. "A man and his dad put a bomb in the sink." When you're practicing to memorize this formula, never practice it in the library/airport or any other public place where other people can hear you.)
 
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−  <center>[[Image:Stewart's_theorem.png]]</center>
 
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−  == Proof ==
 
−  Applying the [[Law of Cosines]] in triangle <math>\triangle ABD</math> at [[angle]] <math>\angle ADB</math> and in triangle <math>\triangle ACD</math> at angle <math>\angle CDA</math>, we get the equations
 
−  *<math> n^{2} + d^{2}  2nd\cos{\angle CDA} = b^{2} </math>
 
−  *<math> m^{2} + d^{2}  2md\cos{\angle ADB} = c^{2} </math>
 
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−  Because angles <math>\angle ADB</math> and <math>\angle CDA</math> are [[supplementary]], <math>m\angle ADB = 180^\circ  m\angle CDA</math>. We can therefore solve both equations for the cosine term. Using the [[trigonometric identity]] <math>\cos{\theta} = \cos{(180^\circ  \theta)}</math> gives us
 
−  *<math> \frac{n^2 + d^2  b^2}{2nd} = \cos{\angle CDA}</math>
 
−  *<math> \frac{c^2  m^2 d^2}{2md} = \cos{\angle CDA}</math>
 
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−  Setting the two lefthand sides equal and clearing [[denominator]]s, we arrive at the equation: <math> c^{2}n + b^{2}m=m^{2}n +n^{2}m + d^{2}m + d^{2}n </math>.
 
−  However, <math>m+n = a</math> so <math>m^2n + n^2m = (m + n)mn</math> and we can rewrite this as <math>man + dad= bmb + cnc</math> (A man and his dad put a bomb in the sink). When you're practicing to memorize this formula, never practice it in the library or any other public place where other people can hear you.
 
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−  == See also ==
 
−  * [[Menelaus' Theorem]]
 
−  * [[Ceva's Theorem]]
 
−  * [[Geometry]]
 
−  * [[Angle Bisector Theorem]]
 
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−  [[Category:Geometry]]
 
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−  [[Category:Theorems]]
 