# Difference between revisions of "Twin Prime Conjecture"

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There must be infinite number of twin primes. | There must be infinite number of twin primes. | ||

+ | ==Alternative statements== | ||

+ | One alternative statement of the Twin Prime Conjecture, is that there exists infinitely many natural numbers not of forms: <cmath>6ab+a+b,6ab+a-b,6ab-a+b,6ab-a-b</cmath> with natural number inputs greater than 0. Because, letting <math>n</math> be of one of these forms one of <math>6n\pm 1</math> factors so only if one of variables is 0 will the factorization be trivial (contain only 1 and itself). | ||

+ | Another is that there are infinitely many values <math>12m</math> that have goldbach partitions of distance from <math>m</math> of 1. | ||

{{stub}} | {{stub}} | ||

[[Category:Conjectures]] | [[Category:Conjectures]] | ||

[[Category:Number theory]] | [[Category:Number theory]] |

## Revision as of 21:12, 15 March 2020

The **Twin Prime Conjecture** is a conjecture (i.e., not a theorem) that states that there are infinitely many pairs of twin primes, i.e. pairs of primes that differ by .

## Contents

## Failed Proofs

### Using an infinite series

One possible strategy to prove the infinitude of twin primes is an idea adopted from the proof of Dirichlet's Theorem. If one can show that the sum

of the reciprocals of twin primes diverges, this would imply that there are infinitely many twin primes. Unfortunately, it has been shown that this sum converges to a constant , known as Brun's constant. This could mean either that there are finitely many twin prime pairs or that they are spaced "too far apart" for that series to diverge.

### Yitang Zhang approach

A weaker version of twin prime conjecture was proved by Yitang Zhang in 2013. This version stated that there are infinitely many pairs of primes that differ by a finite number. The number Yitang chose was 7,000,000. Terence Tao and other people have reduced that boundary to 246 more numbers.

### Elementary proof

Let be the multiplication of the first s prime numbers. Let be the sth prime number Let be the set of numbers relatively prime to and less than .

and where in and and
Pair up numbers generated from two arithmetic progression where
If it is not possible to generate a non-prime in each pair then there exist a twin prime.

The base case for numbers which differ by in is and . Induction there will always be two numbers which differ by in .

Let

and will propagate pairs of elements in which differ by where and and because only the unique values and in their respective arithmetic progression has the factor of when

and will propagate pairs of elements in which differ by where and and because only the unique values and in their respective arithmetic progression has the factor of when

All non-primes numbers generated by where in and can also be found in Therefore removing all numbers from with odd factors between and including to will either leave an empty set or a set only containing prime numbers.

Using the fact that there is a fix set of sequential numbers between numbers with the same factor f in arithmetic progression.

where and is an unique pick from if is a factor of a number in then there is an unique value in which is a factor when ,

Mark possible non-prime in pair values generated from arithmetic progression and where values are paired if .

The largest factor to eliminate is smaller than the number of pairs elements generate by two arithmetic progressions in where and in Can guarantee there are elements without the factor of in a consecutive sequence of elements from arithmetic progression where the two numbers with factor of are generated in two different arithmetic progression in two different pairs. Assume the remaining pairs without factor of are in a consecutive sequence eliminate the next smaller odd number which differs by . Assume the remaining pairs without factor of are in a consecutive sequence eliminate the next smaller odd number which differs by . Repeat until the number of elements in consecutive sequence is . Removing numbers with factor of . There must be a pair of numbers where both of them are prime numbers. There must be infinite number of twin primes.

## Alternative statements

One alternative statement of the Twin Prime Conjecture, is that there exists infinitely many natural numbers not of forms: with natural number inputs greater than 0. Because, letting be of one of these forms one of factors so only if one of variables is 0 will the factorization be trivial (contain only 1 and itself).

Another is that there are infinitely many values that have goldbach partitions of distance from of 1.

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