Difference between revisions of "User:Rowechen"

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[[2013 AIME I Problems/Problem 15|Solution]]
 
[[2013 AIME I Problems/Problem 15|Solution]]
  
{{AIME box|year=2013|n=I|before=[[2012 AIME II Problems]]|after=[[2013 AIME II Problems]]}}
 
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
 
==Problem 14==
 
==Problem 14==
 
For positive integers <math>n</math> and <math>k</math>, let <math>f(n, k)</math> be the remainder when <math>n</math> is divided by <math>k</math>, and for <math>n > 1</math> let <math>F(n) = \max_{\substack{1\le k\le \frac{n}{2}}} f(n, k)</math>. Find the remainder when <math>\sum\limits_{n=20}^{100} F(n)</math> is divided by <math>1000</math>.
 
For positive integers <math>n</math> and <math>k</math>, let <math>f(n, k)</math> be the remainder when <math>n</math> is divided by <math>k</math>, and for <math>n > 1</math> let <math>F(n) = \max_{\substack{1\le k\le \frac{n}{2}}} f(n, k)</math>. Find the remainder when <math>\sum\limits_{n=20}^{100} F(n)</math> is divided by <math>1000</math>.
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[[2013 AIME II Problems/Problem 15|Solution]]
 
[[2013 AIME II Problems/Problem 15|Solution]]
  
{{AIME box|year=2013|n=II|before=[[2013 AIME I Problems]]|after=[[2014 AIME I Problems]]}}
 
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
 
==Problem 13==
 
==Problem 13==
 
On square <math>ABCD</math>, points <math>E,F,G</math>, and <math>H</math> lie on sides <math>\overline{AB},\overline{BC},\overline{CD},</math> and <math>\overline{DA},</math> respectively, so that <math>\overline{EG} \perp \overline{FH}</math> and <math>EG=FH = 34</math>. Segments <math>\overline{EG}</math> and <math>\overline{FH}</math> intersect at a point <math>P</math>, and the areas of the quadrilaterals <math>AEPH, BFPE, CGPF,</math> and <math>DHPG</math> are in the ratio <math>269:275:405:411.</math> Find the area of square <math>ABCD</math>.
 
On square <math>ABCD</math>, points <math>E,F,G</math>, and <math>H</math> lie on sides <math>\overline{AB},\overline{BC},\overline{CD},</math> and <math>\overline{DA},</math> respectively, so that <math>\overline{EG} \perp \overline{FH}</math> and <math>EG=FH = 34</math>. Segments <math>\overline{EG}</math> and <math>\overline{FH}</math> intersect at a point <math>P</math>, and the areas of the quadrilaterals <math>AEPH, BFPE, CGPF,</math> and <math>DHPG</math> are in the ratio <math>269:275:405:411.</math> Find the area of square <math>ABCD</math>.
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[[2014 AIME I Problems/Problem 15|Solution]]
 
[[2014 AIME I Problems/Problem 15|Solution]]
 
{{AIME box|year=2014|n=I|before=[[2013 AIME II Problems]]|after=[[2014 AIME II Problems]]}}
 
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 

Revision as of 16:38, 29 May 2020

Here's the AIME compilation I will be doing:


Problem 3

Nine people sit down for dinner where there are three choices of meals. Three people order the beef meal, three order the chicken meal, and three order the fish meal. The waiter serves the nine meals in random order. Find the number of ways in which the waiter could serve the meal types to the nine people so that exactly one person receives the type of meal ordered by that person.

Solution

Problem 4

In equiangular octagon $CAROLINE$, $CA = RO = LI = NE =$ $\sqrt{2}$ and $AR = OL = IN = EC = 1$. The self-intersecting octagon $CORNELIA$ enclosed six non-overlapping triangular regions. Let $K$ be the area enclosed by $CORNELIA$, that is, the total area of the six triangular regions. Then $K = \frac{a}{b}$, where $a$ and $b$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $a + b$.

Solution

Problem 5

Suppose that $x$, $y$, and $z$ are complex numbers such that $xy = -80 - 320i$, $yz = 60$, and $zx = -96 + 24i$, where $i$ $=$ $\sqrt{-1}$. Then there are real numbers $a$ and $b$ such that $x + y + z = a + bi$. Find $a^2 + b^2$.

Solution

Problem 7

Let $S_i$ be the set of all integers $n$ such that $100i\leq n < 100(i + 1)$. For example, $S_4$ is the set ${400,401,402,\ldots,499}$. How many of the sets $S_0, S_1, S_2, \ldots, S_{999}$ do not contain a perfect square?

Solution

Problem 7

Define an ordered triple $(A, B, C)$ of sets to be $\textit{minimally intersecting}$ if $|A \cap B| = |B \cap C| = |C \cap A| = 1$ and $A \cap B \cap C = \emptyset$. For example, $(\{1,2\},\{2,3\},\{1,3,4\})$ is a minimally intersecting triple. Let $N$ be the number of minimally intersecting ordered triples of sets for which each set is a subset of $\{1,2,3,4,5,6,7\}$. Find the remainder when $N$ is divided by $1000$.

Note: $|S|$ represents the number of elements in the set $S$.

Solution

Problem 7

At each of the sixteen circles in the network below stands a student. A total of $3360$ coins are distributed among the sixteen students. All at once, all students give away all their coins by passing an equal number of coins to each of their neighbors in the network. After the trade, all students have the same number of coins as they started with. Find the number of coins the student standing at the center circle had originally.

[asy] import cse5; unitsize(6mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)); dotfactor = 8; pathpen=black;  pair A = (0,0); pair B = 2*dir(54), C = 2*dir(126), D = 2*dir(198), E = 2*dir(270), F = 2*dir(342); pair G = 3.6*dir(18), H = 3.6*dir(90), I = 3.6*dir(162), J = 3.6*dir(234), K = 3.6*dir(306); pair M = 6.4*dir(54), N = 6.4*dir(126), O = 6.4*dir(198), P = 6.4*dir(270), L = 6.4*dir(342); pair[] dotted = {A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,O,P};  D(A--B--H--M); D(A--C--H--N); D(A--F--G--L); D(A--E--K--P); D(A--D--J--O); D(B--G--M); D(F--K--L); D(E--J--P); D(O--I--D); D(C--I--N); D(L--M--N--O--P--L);  dot(dotted);  [/asy]

Solution

Problem 11

Ms. Math's kindergarten class has 16 registered students. The classroom has a very large number, N, of play blocks which satisfies the conditions:

(a) If 16, 15, or 14 students are present in the class, then in each case all the blocks can be distributed in equal numbers to each student, and

(b) There are three integers $0 < x < y < z < 14$ such that when $x$, $y$, or $z$ students are present and the blocks are distributed in equal numbers to each student, there are exactly three blocks left over.

Find the sum of the distinct prime divisors of the least possible value of N satisfying the above conditions.

Solution

Problem 12

Let $\bigtriangleup PQR$ be a triangle with $\angle P = 75^o$ and $\angle Q = 60^o$. A regular hexagon $ABCDEF$ with side length 1 is drawn inside $\triangle PQR$ so that side $\overline{AB}$ lies on $\overline{PQ}$, side $\overline{CD}$ lies on $\overline{QR}$, and one of the remaining vertices lies on $\overline{RP}$. There are positive integers $a, b, c,$ and $d$ such that the area of $\triangle PQR$ can be expressed in the form $\frac{a+b\sqrt{c}}{d}$, where $a$ and $d$ are relatively prime, and c is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $a+b+c+d$.

Solution

Problem 11

Let $A = \{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7\}$, and let $N$ be the number of functions $f$ from set $A$ to set $A$ such that $f(f(x))$ is a constant function. Find the remainder when $N$ is divided by $1000$.

Solution

Problem 11

In $\triangle RED$, $\measuredangle DRE=75^{\circ}$ and $\measuredangle RED=45^{\circ}$. $RD=1$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of segment $\overline{RD}$. Point $C$ lies on side $\overline{ED}$ such that $\overline{RC}\perp\overline{EM}$. Extend segment $\overline{DE}$ through $E$ to point $A$ such that $CA=AR$. Then $AE=\frac{a-\sqrt{b}}{c}$, where $a$ and $c$ are relatively prime positive integers, and $b$ is a positive integer. Find $a+b+c$.

Solution

Problem 15

Let $N$ be the number of ordered triples $(A,B,C)$ of integers satisfying the conditions (a) $0\le A<B<C\le99$, (b) there exist integers $a$, $b$, and $c$, and prime $p$ where $0\le b<a<c<p$, (c) $p$ divides $A-a$, $B-b$, and $C-c$, and (d) each ordered triple $(A,B,C)$ and each ordered triple $(b,a,c)$ form arithmetic sequences. Find $N$.

Solution

Problem 14

For positive integers $n$ and $k$, let $f(n, k)$ be the remainder when $n$ is divided by $k$, and for $n > 1$ let $F(n) = \max_{\substack{1\le k\le \frac{n}{2}}} f(n, k)$. Find the remainder when $\sum\limits_{n=20}^{100} F(n)$ is divided by $1000$.

Solution

Problem 15

Let $A,B,C$ be angles of an acute triangle with \begin{align*} \cos^2 A + \cos^2 B + 2 \sin A \sin B \cos C &= \frac{15}{8} \text{ and} \\ \cos^2 B + \cos^2 C + 2 \sin B \sin C \cos A &= \frac{14}{9} \end{align*} There are positive integers $p$, $q$, $r$, and $s$ for which \[\cos^2 C + \cos^2 A + 2 \sin C \sin A \cos B = \frac{p-q\sqrt{r}}{s},\] where $p+q$ and $s$ are relatively prime and $r$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $p+q+r+s$.

Solution

Problem 13

On square $ABCD$, points $E,F,G$, and $H$ lie on sides $\overline{AB},\overline{BC},\overline{CD},$ and $\overline{DA},$ respectively, so that $\overline{EG} \perp \overline{FH}$ and $EG=FH = 34$. Segments $\overline{EG}$ and $\overline{FH}$ intersect at a point $P$, and the areas of the quadrilaterals $AEPH, BFPE, CGPF,$ and $DHPG$ are in the ratio $269:275:405:411.$ Find the area of square $ABCD$.

[asy] pair A = (0,sqrt(850)); pair B = (0,0); pair C = (sqrt(850),0); pair D = (sqrt(850),sqrt(850)); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); dotfactor = 3; dot("$A$",A,dir(135)); dot("$B$",B,dir(215)); dot("$C$",C,dir(305)); dot("$D$",D,dir(45)); pair H = ((2sqrt(850)-sqrt(306))/6,sqrt(850)); pair F = ((2sqrt(850)+sqrt(306)+7)/6,0); dot("$H$",H,dir(90)); dot("$F$",F,dir(270)); draw(H--F); pair E = (0,(sqrt(850)-6)/2); pair G = (sqrt(850),(sqrt(850)+sqrt(100))/2); dot("$E$",E,dir(180)); dot("$G$",G,dir(0)); draw(E--G); pair P = extension(H,F,E,G); dot("$P$",P,dir(60)); label("$w$", intersectionpoint( A--P, E--H )); label("$x$", intersectionpoint( B--P, E--F )); label("$y$", intersectionpoint( C--P, G--F )); label("$z$", intersectionpoint( D--P, G--H ));[/asy]

Solution

Problem 15

In $\triangle ABC, AB = 3, BC = 4,$ and $CA = 5$. Circle $\omega$ intersects $\overline{AB}$ at $E$ and $B, \overline{BC}$ at $B$ and $D,$ and $\overline{AC}$ at $F$ and $G$. Given that $EF=DF$ and $\frac{DG}{EG} = \frac{3}{4},$ length $DE=\frac{a\sqrt{b}}{c},$ where $a$ and $c$ are relatively prime positive integers, and $b$ is a positive integer not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $a+b+c$.

Solution

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