User:Rowechen

Revision as of 08:52, 27 May 2020 by Rowechen (talk | contribs)

Hey how did you get to this page? If you aren't me then I have to say hello. If you are me then I must be pretty conceited to waste my time looking at my own page. If you aren't me, seriously, how did you get to this page? This is pretty cool. Well, nice meeting you! I'm going to stop wasting my time typing this up and do some math. Gtg. Bye.

Here's the AIME compilation I will be doing:

Problem 2

Find the number of ordered pairs $(x,y)$ of positive integers that satisfy $x \le 2y \le 60$ and $y \le 2x \le 60$.

Solution

Problem 5

Consider the set of points that are inside or within one unit of a rectangular parallelepiped (box) that measures 3 by 4 by 5 units. Given that the volume of this set is $\frac{m + n \pi}{p},$ where $m, n,$ and $p$ are positive integers, and $n$ and $p$ are relatively prime, find $m + n + p.$

Solution

Problem 6

The cards in a stack of $2n$ cards are numbered consecutively from 1 through $2n$ from top to bottom. The top $n$ cards are removed, kept in order, and form pile $A.$ The remaining cards form pile $B.$ The cards are then restacked by taking cards alternately from the tops of pile $B$ and $A,$ respectively. In this process, card number $(n+1)$ becomes the bottom card of the new stack, card number 1 is on top of this card, and so on, until piles $A$ and $B$ are exhausted. If, after the restacking process, at least one card from each pile occupies the same position that it occupied in the original stack, the stack is named magical. Find the number of cards in the magical stack in which card number 131 retains its original position.

Solution

Problem 8

How many different $4\times 4$ arrays whose entries are all 1's and -1's have the property that the sum of the entries in each row is 0 and the sum of the entries in each column is 0?

Solution

Problem 9

Given a nonnegative real number $x$, let $\langle x\rangle$ denote the fractional part of $x$; that is, $\langle x\rangle=x-\lfloor x\rfloor$, where $\lfloor x\rfloor$ denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to $x$. Suppose that $a$ is positive, $\langle a^{-1}\rangle=\langle a^2\rangle$, and $2<a^2<3$. Find the value of $a^{12}-144a^{-1}$.

Solution

Problem 10

Let $S$ be the set of points whose coordinates $x,$ $y,$ and $z$ are integers that satisfy $0\le x\le2,$ $0\le y\le3,$ and $0\le z\le4.$ Two distinct points are randomly chosen from $S.$ The probability that the midpoint of the segment they determine also belongs to $S$ is $m/n,$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m + n.$

Solution

Problem 11

In a rectangular array of points, with 5 rows and $N$ columns, the points are numbered consecutively from left to right beginning with the top row. Thus the top row is numbered 1 through $N,$ the second row is numbered $N + 1$ through $2N,$ and so forth. Five points, $P_1, P_2, P_3, P_4,$ and $P_5,$ are selected so that each $P_i$ is in row $i.$ Let $x_i$ be the number associated with $P_i.$ Now renumber the array consecutively from top to bottom, beginning with the first column. Let $y_i$ be the number associated with $P_i$ after the renumbering. It is found that $x_1 = y_2,$ $x_2 = y_1,$ $x_3 = y_4,$ $x_4 = y_5,$ and $x_5 = y_3.$ Find the smallest possible value of $N.$

Solution

Problem 12

A sphere is inscribed in the tetrahedron whose vertices are $A = (6,0,0), B = (0,4,0), C = (0,0,2),$ and $D = (0,0,0).$ The radius of the sphere is $m/n,$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m + n.$

Solution

Problem 9

The system of equations \begin{eqnarray*}\log_{10}(2000xy) - (\log_{10}x)(\log_{10}y) & = & 4 \\ \log_{10}(2yz) - (\log_{10}y)(\log_{10}z) & = & 1 \\ \log_{10}(zx) - (\log_{10}z)(\log_{10}x) & = & 0 \\ \end{eqnarray*}

has two solutions $(x_{1},y_{1},z_{1})$ and $(x_{2},y_{2},z_{2})$. Find $y_{1} + y_{2}$.

Solution

Problem 12

Given a function $f$ for which

$f(x) = f(398 - x) = f(2158 - x) = f(3214 - x)$

holds for all real $x,$ what is the largest number of different values that can appear in the list $f(0),f(1),f(2),\ldots,f(999)$?

Solution

Problem 14

There are $2n$ complex numbers that satisfy both $z^{28} - z^{8} - 1 = 0$ and $|z| = 1$. These numbers have the form $z_{m} = \cos\theta_{m} + i\sin\theta_{m}$, where $0\leq\theta_{1} < \theta_{2} < \ldots < \theta_{2n} < 360$ and angles are measured in degrees. Find the value of $\theta_{2} + \theta_{4} + \ldots + \theta_{2n}$.

Solution

Problem 13

In triangle $ABC$ the medians $\overline{AD}$ and $\overline{CE}$ have lengths 18 and 27, respectively, and $AB = 24$. Extend $\overline{CE}$ to intersect the circumcircle of $ABC$ at $F$. The area of triangle $AFB$ is $m\sqrt {n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are positive integers and $n$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $m + n$.

Solution

Problem 14

The perimeter of triangle $APM$ is $152$, and the angle $PAM$ is a right angle. A circle of radius $19$ with center $O$ on $\overline{AP}$ is drawn so that it is tangent to $\overline{AM}$ and $\overline{PM}$. Given that $OP=m/n$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers, find $m+n$.

Solution

Problem 13

Let $N$ be the number of positive integers that are less than or equal to 2003 and whose base-2 representation has more 1's than 0's. Find the remainder when $N$ is divided by 1000.

Solution

Problem 14

The decimal representation of $m/n,$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers and $m < n,$ contains the digits 2, 5, and 1 consecutively, and in that order. Find the smallest value of $n$ for which this is possible.

Solution

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