Difference between revisions of "User:Temperal/The Problem Solver's Resource5"

(switch)
m (5)
Line 4: Line 4:
 
|+ <span style="background:aqua; border:1px solid black; opacity: 0.6;font-size:30px;position:relative;bottom:8px;border-width: 5px;border-color:blue;border-style: groove;position:absolute;top:50px;right:155px;width:820px;height:40px;padding:5px;">The Problem Solver's Resource</span>
 
|+ <span style="background:aqua; border:1px solid black; opacity: 0.6;font-size:30px;position:relative;bottom:8px;border-width: 5px;border-color:blue;border-style: groove;position:absolute;top:50px;right:155px;width:820px;height:40px;padding:5px;">The Problem Solver's Resource</span>
 
|-  
 
|-  
| style="background:lime; border:1px solid black;height:200px;padding:10px;" | {{User:Temperal/testtemplate|page 7}}
+
| style="background:lime; border:1px solid black;height:200px;padding:10px;" | {{User:Temperal/testtemplate|page 5}}
 
==<span style="font-size:20px; color: blue;">Combinatorics</span>==
 
==<span style="font-size:20px; color: blue;">Combinatorics</span>==
 
This section cover combinatorics, and some binomial/multinomial facts.
 
This section cover combinatorics, and some binomial/multinomial facts.

Revision as of 11:56, 6 October 2007



The Problem Solver's Resource
Introduction | Other Tips and Tricks | Methods of Proof | You are currently viewing page 5.

Combinatorics

This section cover combinatorics, and some binomial/multinomial facts.

Permutations

The factorial of a number $n$ is $n(n-1)(n-2)...(1)$ or also as $\prod_{a=0}^{n-1}(n-a)$,and is denoted by $n!$.

Also, $0!=1$.

The number of ways of arranging $n$ distinct objects in a straight line is $n!$. This is also known as a permutation, and can be notated $\,_{n}P_{r}$

Combinations

The number of ways of choosing $n$ objects from a set of $r$ objects is $\frac{n!}{r!(n-r)!}$, which is notated as either $\,_{n}C_{r}$ or $\binom{n}{r}$. (The latter notation is also known as taking the binomial coefficient.

Binomials and Multinomials

  • Binomial Theorem: $(x+y)^n=\sum_{r=0}^{n}x^{n-r}y^r$
  • Multinomial Coefficients: The number of ways of ordering $n$ objects when $r_1$ of them are of one type, $r_2$ of them are of a second type, ... and $r_s$ of them of another type is $\frac{n!}{r_1!r_2!...r_s!}$
  • Multinomial Theorem: $(x_1+x_2+x_3...+x_s)^n=\sum \frac{n!}{r_1!r_2!...r_s!} x_1+x_2+x_3...+x_s$. The summation is taken over all sums $\sum_{i=1}^{s}r_i$ so that $\sum_{i=1}^{s}r_i=n$.

Back to page 6 | Continue to page 8



Invalid username
Login to AoPS