1951 AHSME Problems/Problem 27
Problem
Through a point inside a triangle, three lines are drawn from the vertices to the opposite sides forming six triangular sections. Then:
Solution
Say we draw 3 different types of triangles as the following
1.An equilateral triangle with side lengths
2.An isosceles triangle with side lengths
3.A scalene triangle with sides
1. Gives us 6 congruent triangles, which means
are all true. therefore 1. does not give any unique criteria.
-Since the triangles are congruent with each other, they are similar by a ratio of .
-Since all the triangles are congruent they must always be congruent in any way.
-The triangles are all congruent meaning that they always have equal area.
-The top triangles, bottom-right triangles, and bottom-left triangles all make 3 identical congruent quadrilaterals.
2. Gives us 3 pairs of adjacent congruent triangles, which means
is the only choice that works.
-All of the relationships don't work so we must choose the last choice, no relations.
3. Is not needed as we have found that all of the relationships given are not necessary all the time, so is the only choice that works.
So the answer is
See Also
1951 AHSC (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 26 |
Followed by Problem 28 | |
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