1960 IMO Problems/Problem 2

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Problem

For what values of the variable $x$ does the following inequality hold:

\[\dfrac{4x^2}{(1 - \sqrt {2x + 1})^2} < 2x + 9 \ ?\]

Solution

Set $x = -\frac{1}{2} + \frac{a^2}{2}$, where $a\ge0$. $\frac{4\left(-\frac{1}{2}+\frac{a^2}{2}\right)^2}{\left(1-\sqrt{1+2\left(-\frac{1}{2}+\frac{a^2}{2}\right)}\right)^2}<2\left(-\frac{1}{2}+\frac{a^2}{2}\right)+9$

After simplifying, we get $(a+1)^2<a^2+8$

So $a^2+2a+1<a^2+8$

Which gives $a<\frac{7}{2}$ and hence $-\frac{1}{2} \le x<\frac{45}{8}$.

But $x=0$ makes the LHS indeterminate.

So, answer: $-\frac{1}{2} \le x<\frac{45}{8}$, except $x=0$.

See Also

1960 IMO (Problems) • Resources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 Followed by
Problem 3
All IMO Problems and Solutions
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