1964 IMO Problems/Problem 1

Revision as of 19:29, 15 July 2009 by Xpmath (talk | contribs) (Solution)


(a) Find all positive integers $n$ for which $2^n-1$ is divisible by $7$.

(b) Prove that there is no positive integer $n$ for which $2^n+1$ is divisible by $7$.


We see that $2^n$ is equivalent to $2, 4,$ and $1$ $\pmod{7}$ for $n$ congruent to $1$, $2$, and $0$ $\pmod{3}$, respectively.

(a) From the statement above, only $n$ divisible by $3$ work.

(b) Again from the statement above, $2^n$ can never be congruent to $-1$ $\pmod{7}$, so there are no solutions for $n$.

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