1978 AHSME Problems/Problem 22

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The following four statements, and only these are found on a card: [asy] pair A,B,C,D,E,F,G; A=(0,1); B=(0,5); C=(11,5); D=(11,1); E=(0,4); F=(0,3); G=(0,2); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); label("On this card exactly one statement is false.", B, SE); label("On this card exactly two statements are false.", E, SE); label("On this card exactly three statements are false.", F, SE); label("On this card exactly four statements are false.", G, SE); [/asy]

(Assume each statement is either true or false.) Among them the number of false statements is exactly

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 1 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 2 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 3 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 4$

Solution

There can be at most one true statement on the card, eliminating $\textbf{(A)}, \textbf{(B)},$ and $\textbf{(C)}$. If there are $0$ true on the card, statement $4$ ("On this card exactly four statements are false") will be correct, causing a contradiction. Therefore, the answer is $\textbf{(D)}\ 3$, since $3$ are false and only the third statement ("On this card exactly three statements are false") is correct.

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