2002 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 14

Revision as of 15:33, 28 December 2011 by Mariekitty (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem

The number $25^{64}\cdot 64^{25}$ is the square of a positive integer $N$. In decimal representation, the sum of the digits of $N$ is

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 7\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 14\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 21\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 28\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 35$

Solution

Since, $N=5^{64}\cdot 8^{25}=5^{64}\cdot (2^{3})^{25}=5^{64}\cdot 2^{75}$.

Combing the $2$'s and $5$'s gives us, $(2\cdot 5)^{64}\cdot 2^{(75-64)}=(2\cdot 5)^{64}\cdot 2^{11}=10^{64}\cdot 2^{11}$.

This is $2048$ with sixty-four, $0$'s on the end. So, the sum of the digits of $N$ is $2+4+8=14\Longrightarrow\mathrm{ (B) \ }$

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