2008 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 18
Contents
Problem
A right triangle has perimeter and area . What is the length of its hypotenuse?
Solution
Solution 1
Let the legs of the triangle have lengths . Then, by the Pythagorean Theorem, the length of the hypotenuse is , and the area of the triangle is . So we have the two equations
Re-arranging the first equation and squaring,
From we have , so
The length of the hypotenuse is .
Solution 2
From the formula , where is the area of a triangle, is its inradius, and is the semiperimeter, we can find that . It is known that in a right triangle, , where is the hypotenuse, so (B).
Solution 3
From the problem, we know that
Subtracting from both sides of the first equation and squaring both sides, we get
Now we substitute in as well as into the equation to get
Further simplification yields the result of .
Solution 4
Let and be the legs of the triangle, and the hypotenuse.
Since the area is 20, we have .
Since the perimeter is 32, we have .
The Pythagorean Theorem gives .
This gives us three equations with three variables:
Rewrite equation 3 as . Substitute in equations 1 and 2 to get .
The answer is choice (B).
Solution 5
Let , , and be the sides of the triangle, with as the hypotenuse.
We know that .
According to the Pythagorean Theorem, we have .
We also know that = 40, since the area of the triangle is 20.
We substitute into to get .
Moving the to the left, we again rewrite to get .
We substitute our value of 32 for twice into our equation and subtract to get .
Finally, subtracting this from our original value of 32, we get , or .
Solution 6
Let the legs be . Then the hypotenuse is
We know that and .
The first equation gives and we can plug this into the second equation, yielding:
Letting , the equation becomes:
We can bring the to the right side and square which yields:
So,
Now, we know that
Multiplying both sides by gives:
It's not hard to see that the roots of this equation are and . We want the hypotenuse which is
We can now apply Vieta's Formula which gives:
Solution 7
Let the sides be where and are the legs and is the hypotenuse.
Since the perimeter is 32, we have
.
Since the area is 20 and the legs are and , we have that
.
By the Pythagorean Theorem, we have that
.
Since we want , we will equations be in the form of
Equation 1 can be turned into
.
Equation 2 can be simplified into
Equation 3 is already simplified.
Onto the calculating process.
Squaring the 1st equation we have
Expanding and grouping, we have
By equation 3 and substituting we get
By equation 5 and substituting we get
Note that we can factor out in the inner expression, and we get
By equation 4 and substituting, we have
Expanding, we have
Simplifying, we have
Expanding again, we get
Dividing both sides by gets us
Calculating gets us
.
~mathboy282
See Also
2008 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 17 |
Followed by Problem 19 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.