2008 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 25

Revision as of 16:42, 1 September 2020 by Jbala (talk | contribs)

Problem

Margie's winning art design is shown. The smallest circle has radius 2 inches, with each successive circle's radius increasing by 2 inches. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the design that is black?

[asy] real d=320; pair O=origin; pair P=O+8*dir(d); pair A0 = origin; pair A1 = O+1*dir(d); pair A2 = O+2*dir(d); pair A3 = O+3*dir(d); pair A4 = O+4*dir(d); pair A5 = O+5*dir(d); filldraw(Circle(A0, 6), white, black); filldraw(circle(A1, 5), black, black); filldraw(circle(A2, 4), white, black); filldraw(circle(A3, 3), black, black); filldraw(circle(A4, 2), white, black); filldraw(circle(A5, 1), black, black); [/asy] $\textbf{(A)}\ 42\qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 44\qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 45\qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 46\qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 48\qquad$

Solution

\[\begin{array}{c|cc} \text{circle \#} & \text{radius} & \text{area} \\ \hline 1 & 2 & 4\pi \\ 2 & 4 & 16\pi \\ 3 & 6 & 36\pi \\ 4 & 8 & 64\pi \\ 5 & 10 & 100\pi \\ 6 & 12 & 144\pi \end{array}\]

The entire circle's area is $144\pi$. The area of the black regions is $(100-64)\pi + (36-16)\pi + 4\pi = 60\pi$. The percentage of the design that is black is $\frac{60\pi}{144\pi} = \frac{5}{12} \approx \boxed{\textbf{(A)}\ 42}$.

See Also

2008 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 24
Followed by
Last Problem
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS