Difference between revisions of "2011 AIME II Problems/Problem 4"
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We will use barycentric coordinates. Let <math>A = (1, 0, 0)</math>, <math>B = (0, 1, 0)</math>, <math>C = (0, 0, 1)</math>. By the [[Angle Bisector Theorem]], <math>D = [0:11:20] = \left(0, \frac{11}{31}, \frac{20}{31}\right)</math>. Since <math>M</math> is the midpoint of <math>AD</math>, <math>M = \frac{A + D}{2} = \left(\frac{1}{2}, \frac{11}{62}, \frac{10}{31}\right)</math>. Therefore, the equation for line BM is <math>20x = 31z</math>. Let <math>P = (x, 0, 1-x)</math>. Using the equation for <math>BM</math>, we get <cmath>20x = 31(1-x)</cmath> | We will use barycentric coordinates. Let <math>A = (1, 0, 0)</math>, <math>B = (0, 1, 0)</math>, <math>C = (0, 0, 1)</math>. By the [[Angle Bisector Theorem]], <math>D = [0:11:20] = \left(0, \frac{11}{31}, \frac{20}{31}\right)</math>. Since <math>M</math> is the midpoint of <math>AD</math>, <math>M = \frac{A + D}{2} = \left(\frac{1}{2}, \frac{11}{62}, \frac{10}{31}\right)</math>. Therefore, the equation for line BM is <math>20x = 31z</math>. Let <math>P = (x, 0, 1-x)</math>. Using the equation for <math>BM</math>, we get <cmath>20x = 31(1-x)</cmath> | ||
<cmath>x = \frac{31}{51}</cmath> Therefore, <math>\frac{CP}{PA} = \frac{1-x}{x} = \frac{31}{20}</math> so the answer is <math>\boxed{051}</math>. | <cmath>x = \frac{31}{51}</cmath> Therefore, <math>\frac{CP}{PA} = \frac{1-x}{x} = \frac{31}{20}</math> so the answer is <math>\boxed{051}</math>. | ||
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+ | === Solution 4 === | ||
+ | Let <math>DC=x</math>. Then by the Angle Bisector Theorem, <math>BD=\frac{20}{11}x</math>. By the Ratio Lemma, we have that <math>\frac{PC}{AP}=\frac{\frac{31}{11}x\sin\angle PBC}{20\sin\angle ABP}.</math> Notice that <math>[\triangle BAM]=[\triangle BMD]</math> since their bases have the same length and they share a height. By the sin area formula, we have that <cmath>\frac{1}{2}\cdot20\cdot BM\cdot \sin\angle ABP=\frac{1}{2}\cdot \frac{20}{11}x\cdot BM\cdot\sin\angle PBC.</cmath> Simplifying, we get that <math>\frac{\sin\angle PBC}{\sin\angle ABP}=\frac{11}{x}.</math> Plugging this into what we got from the Ratio Lemma, we have that <math>\frac{PC}{AP}=\frac{31}{20}\implies\boxed{051.}</math> | ||
== See also == | == See also == |
Revision as of 13:20, 1 August 2016
Problem 4
In triangle , . The angle bisector of intersects at point , and point is the midpoint of . Let be the point of the intersection of and . The ratio of to can be expressed in the form , where and are relatively prime positive integers. Find .
Contents
Solutions
Solution 1
Let be on such that . It follows that , so by the Angle Bisector Theorem. Similarly, we see by the midline theorem that . Thus, and .
Solution 2
Assign mass points as follows: by Angle-Bisector Theorem, , so we assign . Since , then , and .
Solution 3
By Menelaus' Theorem on with transversal ,
Solution 4
We will use barycentric coordinates. Let , , . By the Angle Bisector Theorem, . Since is the midpoint of , . Therefore, the equation for line BM is . Let . Using the equation for , we get Therefore, so the answer is .
Solution 4
Let . Then by the Angle Bisector Theorem, . By the Ratio Lemma, we have that Notice that since their bases have the same length and they share a height. By the sin area formula, we have that Simplifying, we get that Plugging this into what we got from the Ratio Lemma, we have that
See also
2011 AIME II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 3 |
Followed by Problem 5 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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