# Difference between revisions of "2013 USAJMO Problems/Problem 5"

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Quadrilateral <math>XABY</math> is inscribed in the semicircle <math>\omega</math> with diameter <math>XY</math>. Segments <math>AY</math> and <math>BX</math> meet at <math>P</math>. Point <math>Z</math> is the foot of the perpendicular from <math>P</math> to line <math>XY</math>. Point <math>C</math> lies on <math>\omega</math> such that line <math>XC</math> is perpendicular to line <math>AZ</math>. Let <math>Q</math> be the intersection of segments <math>AY</math> and <math>XC</math>. Prove that <cmath>\dfrac{BY}{XP}+\dfrac{CY}{XQ}=\dfrac{AY}{AX}.</cmath> | Quadrilateral <math>XABY</math> is inscribed in the semicircle <math>\omega</math> with diameter <math>XY</math>. Segments <math>AY</math> and <math>BX</math> meet at <math>P</math>. Point <math>Z</math> is the foot of the perpendicular from <math>P</math> to line <math>XY</math>. Point <math>C</math> lies on <math>\omega</math> such that line <math>XC</math> is perpendicular to line <math>AZ</math>. Let <math>Q</math> be the intersection of segments <math>AY</math> and <math>XC</math>. Prove that <cmath>\dfrac{BY}{XP}+\dfrac{CY}{XQ}=\dfrac{AY}{AX}.</cmath> | ||

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==Solution 1== | ==Solution 1== |

## Revision as of 22:29, 28 April 2014

## Problem

Quadrilateral is inscribed in the semicircle with diameter . Segments and meet at . Point is the foot of the perpendicular from to line . Point lies on such that line is perpendicular to line . Let be the intersection of segments and . Prove that

## Solution 1

Let us use coordinates. Let O, the center of the circle, be (0,0). WLOG the radius of the circle is 1, so set Y (1,0) and X (-1,0). Also, for arbitrary constants and set A and B . Now, let's use our coordinate tools. It is easily derived that the equation of is and the equation of is , where and are defined appropriately. Thus, by equating the y's in the equation we find the intersection of these lines, , is . Also, . It shall be left to the reader to find the slope of , the coordinates of Q and C, and use the distance formula to verify that .

## Solution 2

There should be a geometric solution....

*This problem needs a solution. If you have a solution for it, please help us out by adding it.*

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