# Difference between revisions of "2016 AIME II Problems/Problem 12"

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+ | ==Problem== | ||

The figure below shows a ring made of six small sections which you are to paint on a wall. You have four paint colors available and you will paint each of the six sections a solid color. Find the number of ways you can choose to paint the sections if no two adjacent sections can be painted with the same color. | The figure below shows a ring made of six small sections which you are to paint on a wall. You have four paint colors available and you will paint each of the six sections a solid color. Find the number of ways you can choose to paint the sections if no two adjacent sections can be painted with the same color. | ||

− | + | ||

+ | <asy> | ||

+ | draw(Circle((0,0), 4)); | ||

+ | draw(Circle((0,0), 3)); | ||

+ | draw((0,4)--(0,3)); | ||

+ | draw((0,-4)--(0,-3)); | ||

+ | draw((-2.598, 1.5)--(-3.4641, 2)); | ||

+ | draw((-2.598, -1.5)--(-3.4641, -2)); | ||

+ | draw((2.598, -1.5)--(3.4641, -2)); | ||

+ | draw((2.598, 1.5)--(3.4641, 2)); | ||

+ | </asy> | ||

==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||

Assume, WLOG, the left ring is color <math>1</math>. Now, let <math>f(a,b)</math> be the number of ways to satisfy the conditions where there are <math>a</math> sections ending on color <math>b</math>. We make a table on <math>f(a,b)</math>. | Assume, WLOG, the left ring is color <math>1</math>. Now, let <math>f(a,b)</math> be the number of ways to satisfy the conditions where there are <math>a</math> sections ending on color <math>b</math>. We make a table on <math>f(a,b)</math>. | ||

+ | |||

<math>\begin{tabular}{c|c|c|c|c }&1 & 2 & 3& 4 \\ \hline | <math>\begin{tabular}{c|c|c|c|c }&1 & 2 & 3& 4 \\ \hline | ||

1& 1 & 0 & 0 & 0\\ | 1& 1 & 0 & 0 & 0\\ | ||

Line 12: | Line 24: | ||

6& 0& 61 & 61 & 61\\ | 6& 0& 61 & 61 & 61\\ | ||

\end{tabular}</math> | \end{tabular}</math> | ||

+ | |||

Note that <math>f(6, 1)=0</math> because then <math>2</math> adjacent sections are both color <math>1</math>. We also have to multiply by <math>4</math> by symmetry for other colors in the left ring, so the desired answer is <math>(61+61+61) \cdot 4 = \boxed{732}</math>. | Note that <math>f(6, 1)=0</math> because then <math>2</math> adjacent sections are both color <math>1</math>. We also have to multiply by <math>4</math> by symmetry for other colors in the left ring, so the desired answer is <math>(61+61+61) \cdot 4 = \boxed{732}</math>. | ||

Solution by Shaddoll | Solution by Shaddoll |

## Revision as of 17:09, 18 March 2016

## Problem

The figure below shows a ring made of six small sections which you are to paint on a wall. You have four paint colors available and you will paint each of the six sections a solid color. Find the number of ways you can choose to paint the sections if no two adjacent sections can be painted with the same color.

## Solution

Assume, WLOG, the left ring is color . Now, let be the number of ways to satisfy the conditions where there are sections ending on color . We make a table on .

Note that because then adjacent sections are both color . We also have to multiply by by symmetry for other colors in the left ring, so the desired answer is .

Solution by Shaddoll