# Difference between revisions of "2017 USAMO Problems/Problem 4"

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==Problem== | ==Problem== | ||

Let <math>P_1</math>, <math>P_2</math>, <math>\dots</math>, <math>P_{2n}</math> be <math>2n</math> distinct points on the unit circle <math>x^2+y^2=1</math>, other than <math>(1,0)</math>. Each point is colored either red or blue, with exactly <math>n</math> red points and <math>n</math> blue points. Let <math>R_1</math>, <math>R_2</math>, <math>\dots</math>, <math>R_n</math> be any ordering of the red points. Let <math>B_1</math> be the nearest blue point to <math>R_1</math> traveling counterclockwise around the circle starting from <math>R_1</math>. Then let <math>B_2</math> be the nearest of the remaining blue points to <math>R_2</math> travelling counterclockwise around the circle from <math>R_2</math>, and so on, until we have labeled all of the blue points <math>B_1, \dots, B_n</math>. Show that the number of counterclockwise arcs of the form <math>R_i \to B_i</math> that contain the point <math>(1,0)</math> is independent of the way we chose the ordering <math>R_1, \dots, R_n</math> of the red points. | Let <math>P_1</math>, <math>P_2</math>, <math>\dots</math>, <math>P_{2n}</math> be <math>2n</math> distinct points on the unit circle <math>x^2+y^2=1</math>, other than <math>(1,0)</math>. Each point is colored either red or blue, with exactly <math>n</math> red points and <math>n</math> blue points. Let <math>R_1</math>, <math>R_2</math>, <math>\dots</math>, <math>R_n</math> be any ordering of the red points. Let <math>B_1</math> be the nearest blue point to <math>R_1</math> traveling counterclockwise around the circle starting from <math>R_1</math>. Then let <math>B_2</math> be the nearest of the remaining blue points to <math>R_2</math> travelling counterclockwise around the circle from <math>R_2</math>, and so on, until we have labeled all of the blue points <math>B_1, \dots, B_n</math>. Show that the number of counterclockwise arcs of the form <math>R_i \to B_i</math> that contain the point <math>(1,0)</math> is independent of the way we chose the ordering <math>R_1, \dots, R_n</math> of the red points. | ||

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+ | ==Solution== |

## Latest revision as of 15:02, 22 December 2017

## Problem

Let , , , be distinct points on the unit circle , other than . Each point is colored either red or blue, with exactly red points and blue points. Let , , , be any ordering of the red points. Let be the nearest blue point to traveling counterclockwise around the circle starting from . Then let be the nearest of the remaining blue points to travelling counterclockwise around the circle from , and so on, until we have labeled all of the blue points . Show that the number of counterclockwise arcs of the form that contain the point is independent of the way we chose the ordering of the red points.