2019 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 12
Problem
Right triangle with right angle at is constructed outwards on the hypotenuse of isosceles right triangle with leg length , as shown, so that the two triangles have equal perimeters. What is ?
Solution 1
Observe that the "equal perimeter" part implies that . A quick Pythagorean chase gives . Use the sine addition formula on angles and (which requires finding their cosines as well), and this gives the sine of . Now, use on angle to get .
Feel free to elaborate if necessary.
Solution 1.5 (Little bit of coordinate bash)
After using Pythagorean to find and , we can instead notice that the angle between the y-coordinate and is degrees, and implies that the slope of that line is 1. If we draw a perpendicular from point , we can then proceed to find the height and base of our triangle by coordinate-bashing, which turns out to be and respectively.
By double angle formula and difference of squares, it's easy to see that our answer is
~Solution by MagentaCobra
See Also
2019 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 11 |
Followed by Problem 13 |
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All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |