2021 Fall AMC 10B Problems/Problem 9

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The knights in a certain kingdom come in two colors. $\frac{2}{7}$ of them are red, and the rest are blue. Furthermore, $\frac{1}{6}$ of the knights are magical, and the fraction of red knights who are magical is $2$ times the fraction of blue knights who are magical. What fraction of red knights are magical?

$\textbf{(A) }\frac{2}{9}\qquad\textbf{(B) }\frac{3}{13}\qquad\textbf{(C) }\frac{7}{27}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\frac{2}{7}\qquad\textbf{(E) }\frac{1}{3}$

Solution 1

Let $k$ be the number of knights: then the number of red knights is $\frac{2}{7}k$ and the number of blue knights is $\frac{5}{7}k$.

Let $b$ be the fraction of blue knights that are magical - then $2b$ is the fraction of red knights that are magical. Thus we can write the equation $b \cdot \frac{5}{7}k + 2b \cdot \frac{2}{7}k = \frac{k}{6}\implies \frac{5}{7}b + \frac{4}{7}b = \frac{1}{6}$ $\implies \frac{9}{7}b = \frac{1}{6} \implies b=\frac{7}{54}$

We want to find the fraction of red knights that are magical, which is $2b = \frac{7}{27} = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }\frac{7}{27}}$


Solution 2

We denote by $p$ the fraction of red knights who are magical.

Hence, \[ \frac{1}{6} = \frac{2}{7} p + \left( 1 - \frac{2}{7} \right) \frac{p}{2} . \]

By solving this equation, we get $p = \frac{7}{27}$.

Therefore, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\frac{7}{27}}$.

~Steven Chen (www.professorchenedu.com)

Solution 3

Suppose there are $42$ knights. Then there are $\frac{2}{7}\cdot 42=12$ red knights and $42-12=30$ blue knights.

There are $\frac{1}{6}\cdot 42=7$ magical knights. Let $x$ be the number of red magical knights.

Then we have the equation $\frac{x}{12}=2\cdot \frac{7-x}{30}=\frac{7-x}{15}$. Solving, we get $x=84/27$.

Plugging $x$ back gives us the fraction of red magical knights, which is $\frac{\frac{84}{27}}{12}=\frac{84}{27}\cdot \frac{1}{12}=\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\frac{7}{27}}$.


Solution 4

Similar to Solution 3, let the total number of knights be $42$ (We can say this because the fractions we know have denominators of $7$ and $6$ which have a LCM of $42$)

This means that there are $\dfrac{2}{7} \times 42 = 12$ red knights meaning there are $30$ blue knights

This also means that there are $\dfrac{1}{6} \times 42 = 7$ magical knights. This is important information for our next step.

We are given that the fraction of magical red knights is twice the fraction of magical blue knights. As this problem is dealing with the fraction being twice are large and is asking for the fraction, let's just deal with the variable being a fraction. Let $\dfrac{p}{q}$ be the fraction of red magical knights. This means that $\dfrac{p}{2q}$ is the fraction of blue magical knights.

We know that total number of magical knights from what we figured out before is $7$, so let's use the fraction we figured and make the equation:

$(12 \times \dfrac{p}{q}) + (30 \times \dfrac{p}{2q})= 7$

Solving this gives us $\dfrac{p}{q}=\dfrac{7}{27}$ or the fraction of red magical knights.

Hence, the answer is $\boxed{\dfrac{7}{27}}$

~ Batmanstark

Video Solution by Interstigation


Video Solution


~Education, the Study of Everything

Video Solution by WhyMath



Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath



See Also

2021 Fall AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 8
Followed by
Problem 10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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