Arithmetic series

Revision as of 16:41, 19 September 2015 by Greenpepper9999 (talk | contribs) (Reverting edits)

An arithmetic series is a sum of consecutive terms in an arithmetic sequence. For instance,

$2 + 6 + 10 + 14 + 18$

is an arithmetic series whose value is 50.

To find the sum of an arithmetic sequence, we can write it out as so (S is the sum, a is the first term, n is the number of terms, and d is the common difference): \begin{align*} S &=  a + (a+d) + (a+2d) + ... + (a+(n-1)d) \\ S &= (a+(n-1)d) + (a+(n-2)d)+ ... + (a+d) + a \end{align*}

Now, adding vertically and shifted over one, we get

\[2S = (2a+(n-1)d)+(2a+(n-1)d)+(2a+(n-1)d)+...+(2a+(n-1)d)\]

This equals $2S = n(2a+(n-1)d)$, so the sum is $\frac{n}{2} (2a+(n-1)d)$.


Introductory Problems

Intermediate Problems

Olympiad Problem

See also

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