Barycentric coordinates

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Barycentric coordinates are triples of numbers $(t_1,t_2,t_3)$ corresponding to masses placed at the vertices of a reference triangle $\Delta{A_1}{A_2}{A_3}$. These masses then determine a point $P$, which is the geometric centroid of the three masses and is identified with coordinates $(t_1,t_2,t_3)$. The vertices of the triangle are given by $(1,0,0)$, $(0,1,0)$, and $(0,0,1)$. Barycentric coordinates were discovered by Möbius in 1827 (Coxeter 1969, p. 217; Fauvel et al. 1993).

Barycentric 901.gif

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