# Combination

A combination is a way of choosing $r$ objects from a set of $n$ where the order in which the objects are chosen is irrelevant. We are generally concerned with finding the number of combinations of size $r$ from an original set of size $n$

## Notation

The common forms of denoting the number of combinations of ${r}$ objects from a set of ${n}$ objects is:

• $\binom{n}{r}$
• ${C}(n,r)$
• $\,_{n} C_{r}$
• $C_n^{r}$

## Formula

${{n}\choose {r}} = \frac {n!} {r!(n-r)!}$

## Derivation

Consider the set of letters A, B, and C. There are $3!$ different permutations of those letters. Since order doesn't matter with combinations, there is only one combination of those three. In general, since for every permutation of ${r}$ objects from ${n}$ elements $P(n,r)$, there are ${r}!$ more ways to permute them than to choose them. We have ${r}!{C}({n},{r})=P(n,r)$, or ${{n}\choose {r}} = \frac {n!} {r!(n-r)!}$.