Euler's phi function

Revision as of 12:46, 18 June 2006 by Dschafer (talk | contribs) (Fixed LaTeX on old version; restores old info)

Euler's phi function determines the number of integers less than a given positive integer that are relatively prime to that integer.

Formulas

Given the prime factorization of $n = p_1^{a_1}p_2^{a_2} \cdots p_n^{a_n}$, then one formula for $\phi(n)$ is: $\phi(n) = n(1-\frac{1}{p_1})(1-\frac{1}{p_2}) \cdots (1-\frac{1}{p_n})$

Identities

For prime p, $\phi(p)=p-1$, because all numbers less than ${p}$ are relatively prime to it.

For relatively prime ${a}, {b}$, $\phi{(a)}\phi{(b)} = \phi{(ab)}$.

Other Names

  • Totient Function
  • Euler's Totient Function
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