Difference between revisions of "Mock AIME 1 2006-2007 Problems/Problem 8"

 
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8. Let <math>ABCDE</math> be a convex pentagon with <math>AB\sqrt{2}=BC=CD=DE</math>, <math>\angle ABC=150^\circ</math>, <math>\angle BCD=75^\circ</math>, and <math>\angle CDE=165^\circ</math>. If <math>\angle ABE=\frac{m}{n}^\circ</math> where <math>m</math> and <math>n</math> are relatively prime positive integers, find <math>m+n</math>.
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==Problem==
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Let <math>ABCDE</math> be a convex pentagon with <math>\frac{AB}{\sqrt{2}}=BC=CD=DE</math>, <math>\angle ABC=150^\circ</math>, <math>\angle BCD=75^\circ</math>, and <math>\angle CDE=165^\circ</math>. If <math>\angle ABE=\frac{m}{n}^\circ</math> where <math>m</math> and <math>n</math> are relatively prime positive integers, find <math>m+n</math>.
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==Solution==
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<center><asy>defaultpen(fontsize(8));
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pair A=expi(pi*5/12)+expi(0)+expi(pi/2), B=expi(pi*5/12), C=(0,0), D=expi(0), E=expi(0)+expi(pi/12), P=expi(pi*5/12)+expi(0);
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draw(A--B--C--D--E--A);draw(B--P--E--B);draw(D--P--A);
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label("A",A,(1,0));label("B",B,(-1,0));label("C",C,(-1,0));label("D",D,(1,-1));
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label("E",E,(1,0));label("P",P,(1,0));
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dot(A^^B^^C^^D^^E^^P);</asy></center>
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Let <math>P</math> be a point in <math>ABCDE</math> such that <math>\angle ABP=\angle BAP=45^\circ</math>. We see that <math>\angle CBP=115^\circ</math> and thus <math>BP||CD</math>. Since <math>BP=BC=CD</math>, we have that <math>BCDP</math> is a rhombus. Therefore <math>\angle CDP=115^\circ</math> so <math>\angle PDE=60^\circ</math>. Since <math>PD=CD=DE</math> we have that <math>\triangle PDE</math> is equilateral.
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<math>\angle BPE=75+60^\circ=180^\circ-2\angle PBE\implies \angle PBE=\frac{45}{2}</math>. <math>\angle ABE=\angle ABP+\angle PBE=45+\frac{45}{2}^\circ=\frac{135}{2}^\circ\implies m+n=\boxed{137}</math>.
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*[[Mock AIME 1 2006-2007 Problems/Problem 7 | Previous Problem]]
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*[[Mock AIME 1 2006-2007 Problems/Problem 9 | Next Problem]]
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*[[Mock AIME 1 2006-2007]]

Latest revision as of 14:54, 21 August 2020

Problem

Let $ABCDE$ be a convex pentagon with $\frac{AB}{\sqrt{2}}=BC=CD=DE$, $\angle ABC=150^\circ$, $\angle BCD=75^\circ$, and $\angle CDE=165^\circ$. If $\angle ABE=\frac{m}{n}^\circ$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers, find $m+n$.

Solution

[asy]defaultpen(fontsize(8)); pair A=expi(pi*5/12)+expi(0)+expi(pi/2), B=expi(pi*5/12), C=(0,0), D=expi(0), E=expi(0)+expi(pi/12), P=expi(pi*5/12)+expi(0); draw(A--B--C--D--E--A);draw(B--P--E--B);draw(D--P--A); label("A",A,(1,0));label("B",B,(-1,0));label("C",C,(-1,0));label("D",D,(1,-1)); label("E",E,(1,0));label("P",P,(1,0)); dot(A^^B^^C^^D^^E^^P);[/asy]

Let $P$ be a point in $ABCDE$ such that $\angle ABP=\angle BAP=45^\circ$. We see that $\angle CBP=115^\circ$ and thus $BP||CD$. Since $BP=BC=CD$, we have that $BCDP$ is a rhombus. Therefore $\angle CDP=115^\circ$ so $\angle PDE=60^\circ$. Since $PD=CD=DE$ we have that $\triangle PDE$ is equilateral.

$\angle BPE=75+60^\circ=180^\circ-2\angle PBE\implies \angle PBE=\frac{45}{2}$. $\angle ABE=\angle ABP+\angle PBE=45+\frac{45}{2}^\circ=\frac{135}{2}^\circ\implies m+n=\boxed{137}$.

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