Difference between revisions of "OliverA"

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[https://artofproblemsolving.com/community/my-aops]
 
[https://artofproblemsolving.com/community/my-aops]
  
We will count the number of it <math>\< 2^{11}=2048</math> instead of <math>2003</math> (In other words, the length of the base-2 representation is at most <math>11</math>. If there are even digits, <math>2n</math>, then the leftmost digit is <math>1</math>, the rest, <math>2n-1</math>, has odd number of digits. In order for the base-2 representation to have more <math>1</math>'s, we will need more <math>1</math> in the remaining <math>2n-1</math> than <math>0</math>'s. Using symmetry, this is equal to
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We will count the number of it <math> < 2^{11}=2048 </math> instead of <math>2003</math> (In other words, the length of the base-2 representation is at most <math>11</math>. If there are even digits, <math>2n</math>, then the leftmost digit is <math>1</math>, the rest, <math>2n-1</math>, has odd number of digits. In order for the base-2 representation to have more <math>1</math>'s, we will need more <math>1</math> in the remaining <math>2n-1</math> than <math>0</math>'s. Using symmetry, this is equal to
 
<math>\frac{2^9+2^7+..+2^1}{2}</math>
 
<math>\frac{2^9+2^7+..+2^1}{2}</math>
 
Using similar argument where there are odd amount of digits. The remaining even amount of digit must contains the number of <math>1</math>'s at least as the number of <math>0</math>'s. So it's equal to
 
Using similar argument where there are odd amount of digits. The remaining even amount of digit must contains the number of <math>1</math>'s at least as the number of <math>0</math>'s. So it's equal to
 
<math>\frac{\binom{10}{5}+2^{10}+\binom{8}{4}+2^8+\binom{6}{3}+2^6+...+\binom{0}{0}+2^0}{2}</math>
 
<math>\frac{\binom{10}{5}+2^{10}+\binom{8}{4}+2^8+\binom{6}{3}+2^6+...+\binom{0}{0}+2^0}{2}</math>
 
Summing both cases, we have <math>\frac{2^0+2^1+..+2^{10}+\binom{0}{0}+..+\binom{10}{5}}{2} = 1199</math>. There are <math>44</math> numbers between <math>2004</math> and <math>2047</math> inclusive that satisfy it. So the answer is <math>1199-44=1\boxed{155}</math>
 
Summing both cases, we have <math>\frac{2^0+2^1+..+2^{10}+\binom{0}{0}+..+\binom{10}{5}}{2} = 1199</math>. There are <math>44</math> numbers between <math>2004</math> and <math>2047</math> inclusive that satisfy it. So the answer is <math>1199-44=1\boxed{155}</math>

Revision as of 11:25, 26 June 2020

[1]

We will count the number of it $< 2^{11}=2048$ instead of $2003$ (In other words, the length of the base-2 representation is at most $11$. If there are even digits, $2n$, then the leftmost digit is $1$, the rest, $2n-1$, has odd number of digits. In order for the base-2 representation to have more $1$'s, we will need more $1$ in the remaining $2n-1$ than $0$'s. Using symmetry, this is equal to $\frac{2^9+2^7+..+2^1}{2}$ Using similar argument where there are odd amount of digits. The remaining even amount of digit must contains the number of $1$'s at least as the number of $0$'s. So it's equal to $\frac{\binom{10}{5}+2^{10}+\binom{8}{4}+2^8+\binom{6}{3}+2^6+...+\binom{0}{0}+2^0}{2}$ Summing both cases, we have $\frac{2^0+2^1+..+2^{10}+\binom{0}{0}+..+\binom{10}{5}}{2} = 1199$. There are $44$ numbers between $2004$ and $2047$ inclusive that satisfy it. So the answer is $1199-44=1\boxed{155}$

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