|This is an AoPSWiki Word of the Week for Sep 6-12|
A pyramid is a 3-dimensional geometric solid. It consists of a base that is a polygon and a vertex not on the plane of the polygon. The edges of the pyramid are the sides of the polygonal base together with line segments connected the vertex of the pyramid to each vertex of the polygon.
Some well-known pyramids include the tetrahedron, which has a triangle for its base. (A regular tetrahedron has all edges of equal length, and is one of the Platonic solids). Another is the regular square pyramid. Two of these with their bases joined form an octahedron, which is another Platonic solid.
If the base of the pyramid has sides, then the pyramid has edges, vertices, and faces (of which are triangular, and the remaining one is the base).
- Corners are sliced off a unit cube so that the six faces each become regular octagons. What is the total volume of the removed tetrahedra? 2007 AMC 12A, #20
- In a regular tetrahedron the centers of the four faces are the vertices of a smaller tetrahedron. Find the ratio of the volume of the smaller tetrahedron to that of the larger. (2003 AIME II, #4)
- A square pyramid with base ABCD and vertex E has eight edges of length 4. A plane passes through the midpoints of AE, BC, and CD. Find the area of the plane's intersection with the pyramid. (2007 AIME I, #13)