Difference between revisions of "Shoelace Theorem"
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== Problems ==
== Problems ==
Revision as of 09:34, 24 March 2019
Suppose the polygon has vertices , , ... , , listed in clockwise order. Then the area of is
You can also go counterclockwise order, as long as you find the absolute value of the answer.
The Shoelace Theorem gets its name because if one lists the coordinates in a column, and marks the pairs of coordinates to be multiplied, the resulting image looks like laced-up shoes.
Claim 1: The area of a triangle with coordinates , , and is .
Proof of claim 1:
Writing the coordinates in 3D and translating so that we get the new coordinates , , and . Now if we let and then by definition of the cross product .
We will proceed with induction.
By claim 1, the shoelace theorem holds for any triangle. We will show that if it is true for some polygon then it is also true for .
We cut into two polygons, and . Let the coordinates of point be . Then, applying the shoelace theorem on and we get
Let be the set of points belonging to the polygon. We have that where . The volume form is an exact form since , where Using this substitution, we have Next, we use the theorem of Stokes to obtain We can write , where is the line segment from to . With this notation, we may write If we substitute for , we obtain If we parameterize, we get Performing the integration, we get More algebra yields the result
In right triangle , we have , , and . Medians and are drawn to sides and , respectively. and intersect at point . Find the area of .
A good explanation and exploration into why the theorem works by James Tanton:  AOPS