1966 IMO Problems/Problem 5
Solve the system of equations
where are four different real numbers.
Take a1 > a2 > a3 > a4. Subtracting the equation for i=2 from that for i=1 and dividing by (a1 - a2) we get:
- x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 = 0.
Subtracting the equation for i=4 from that for i=3 and dividing by (a3 - a4) we get:
- x1 - x2 - x3 + x4 = 0.
Hence x1 = x4. Subtracting the equation for i=3 from that for i=2 and dividing by (a2 - a3) we get:
- x1 - x2 + x3 + x4 = 0.
Hence x2 = x3 = 0, and x1 = x4 = 1/(a1 - a4).
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